Website-Resmi-Balai-Penelitian-Tanaman-Hias-Kementerian-Pertanian

  • Daftar Publikasi Peneliti

    • Hartini, S

      Anggrek Primitif di Sumatera yang Berpotensi sebagai Tanaman Hias

      Primitive orchids are intermediate plants between two families of Asparagales and Orchidaceae. Species of primitive orchids isincluded in the subfamily Apostasioideae, one of five subfamilies within Orchidaceae. Apostasioideae have only two genera, namely Neuwiedia and Apostasia. Almost all of the orchid subfamilies have a single stamen, but Apostasioideae has 2-3 abaxial stamens. Overall in Sumatra there are 7 species of primitive orchids i.e. Apostasia odorata Blume, Apostasia wallichii
    • Hartutiningsih, MS dan Siregar, M

      Seratus Jenis Begonia Eksotik Kebun Raya Siap Bersaing Mendukung Bisnis Florikultura di Masa Yang Akan Datang

      Begonia species are generally found growth wild in nature, while exotic Begonia species have been known and widely cultivated by ornamental hobiis and lover. Both have high potentially developing as ornamental plants. In Indonesia until now 313 species Begonia were successfully collected at Bali Botanical Garden. To know the potential use of the collection as ornamental plants, morphological observation, survey and interviewsconducted at the Begonia garden, the Bali Botanical Garden, other
    • Winarto, B, Yufdy, MP, dan Soehendi, R

      Inovasi Teknologi Produksi Benih Mendukung Pengembangan Industri Florikultura Berdaya Saing Global

      Industri florikultura merupakan salah satu sumber pertumbuhan ekonomi baru yang penting di Indonesia. Meningkatnya produksi luas area panen, produktivitas, Pendapatan Domestik Bruto (PDB), ekspor, jumlah tenaga kerja yang terlibat, Nilai Tukar Petani (NTP) dari tahun ke tahun menjadi indikator penting akan peran signifikan kemajuan industri tersebut. Untuk mendukung pengembangan agribisnis florikultura, khususnya pada anggrek (Phalaenopsis dan Dendrobium), krisan, lili, leather leaf fern,
    • Kartikaningrum, S

      Penyediaan Varietas Unggul Anggrek melalui Inovasi Pemuliaan

      Orchid is an ornamental plant group with high morphological diversity. The diversity in form along with their amazing blooms has made many orchid species and hybrids popular in the global floricultural trade. Phalaenopsis, Dendrobium,Vanda, Oncidium, Cymbidium and Paphiopedilum are important commodities in the global market. The high economic value and large potential oforchid genetic resources bring the breeder continually trying to develop new varieties acceptedin the market. Breeding
    • Harahap, RA

      Kebutuhan Inovasi Teknologi Mendukung Pembangunan Industri Florikultura Berdaya Saing Global

      Potency and prospect of developing floriculture in Indonesia is bright. Development of floriculture industry in indonesia faces various problems, i.e low productivity and low yield quality. To strengthen the industry, it is necessary to apply innovation that can increase its compatitiveness. The innovations that can be mainly needed are new superior varieties and qualified-seed availability for fulfilling people demand. Development of floriculture agribusiness is needed supporting the
    • Rahim, S

      Strategi Pembangunan Ekonomi di Kabupaten Solok Berbasis Agroindustri Krisan

      Solok is one of districs under West Sumatra province which has many potentials as centre production of chrysanthemum. The potential is supported by suitable agroclimate, human resources and strategic location. Chrysanthemum cultivation in the Solok distric has been initiated in 2007 with 6.372 m2 of cultivation area, 364.000 stem per year total production and 96 stem/m2 productivity. To enhance developing chrysanthemum in Solok, the local government arranged building strategy of chrysanthemum
    • Siregar, M

      Peningkatan Peran Konservasi dan Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Hayati Tanaman Hias dalam Mendukung Pembangunan Industri Florikultura Indonesia

      Indonesia is tropical country with high biodiversity resources, comprising 35000-40000 types of plant or in another word, 13-15% of world biodiversity resources is in Indonesia. In another side, it is a reality that 1.7 million ha of Indonesian forest reduced gradually in each year due to natural disaster, functional changing and forest damage by human being. Therefore to save the biodiversity resources it is addressed involving Bogor Botanical Garden and other botanical gardens established
    • Kurniati, R. 1), Purwito, A 2), Wattimena, GA 2), Marwoto, B. 1), dan Supenti 1)

      Induksi Kalus dan Bulblet serta Regenerasi Tanaman Lili Varietas Sorbon dari Tangkai Sari Bunga

      ABSTRACT. Lilium is usually propagated vegetatively by using bulb. Based on the totipotency ability of every parts of plant, it is possible to regenerate them into plantlets. The objective of the experiment was to find out micropropagation technique of lily using filament as explant. The experiment was conducted at Tissue Culture Laboratory, Experimental Garden of Indonesian Ornamental Plant Research Institute, Cipanas from February to October 2011. The filaments were cut into
    • Wakiah Nuryani, Evi Silvia Yusuf, Indijarto Budi Rahardjo, I Djatnika

      Penggunaan Gliocompost untuk Mengendalikan Penyakit Layu Fusarium dan Meningkatkan Produktivitas Bunga Krisan Potong

      ABSTRACT. Fusarium wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum. f. sp. tacheiphillum is one of the important disease on chrysanthemum plant. The disease is difficult to control because the pathogen is a soil borne disease. This study was aimed to identify the role of the use of Gliocompost in an effort to reduce using of synthetic pesticides and chemical fertilizers were excessive but cheap, effective, environmentally friendly, and improve quality and yield of chrysanthemum cut flower.
    • I Djatnika

      Seleksi Bakteri Antagonis untuk Mengendalikan Layu Fusarium pada Tanaman Phalaenopsis

      ABSTRACT. Fusarium wilt is an important disease as constraint on production of orchid plants. The control of Fusarium wilt of orchids with fungicides often use by farmers. Orchid plants are often displayed as a decoration which is close to the human environment, so the application of pesticides have to get attention. It is therefore necessary to find another method that is safe for environments, such as using of biological control. The purpose of the study was to get isolates
    • Widawati, S 1), Muharam, A 2)

      Uji Laboratorium Azospirillum sp. yang Diisolasi dari Beberapa Ekosistem

      ABSTRACT. Microbes that are nonpathogenic and nonsymbiotic bacteria which are effectively fixed up nitrogen from air, and are able to dissolve phosphated bounded on Ca, Al, and Fe in soil, are able to growth in different ecosystems in nature. Some of the bacterial species can be isolated from rizosphere of horticultural crops. The research was aimed to determine the potential role of Azospirillum sp. as a plant growth promoter in coastal ecosystem and extremely environmental
    • Mubarok, S, Salimah, A, Farida, Rochayat, Y, Setiati, Y

      Pengaruh Kombinasi Komposisi Media Tanam dan Konsentrasi Sitokinin terhadap Pertumbuhan Aglaonema

      ABSTRACT. The growth and quality of Aglaonema is affected by several factors such as growing media and hormones. The using of alternative growing media and hormones such as cytokinin are urgently needed to be identified. The aim of experiment was to find out the effect of the combination of three growing media composition as an alternative growing medium with cytokinin on the growth and quality of Aglaonema Fit Langsit. This experiment was conducted in Greenhouse at the Faculty
    • Widiastoety, D, Santi, A, Solvia, N

      Pengaruh Myoinositol dan Arang Aktif terhadap Pertumbuhan Planlet Anggrek Dendrobium dalam Kultur In Vitro

      ABSTRACT. This study was aims to determine the effect of myoinositol and activated charcoal on the growth of Dendrobium plantlets. Dendrobium is one of the most important commercial orchids in Indonesia. Media optimization is critical factor to improve and to promote plantlet growth. One of the methods to enrich the medium was by the use of myoinositol and activated charcoal. The study was conducted at the In Vitro Culture Laboratory of Indonesian Ornamental Crops Plants
    • Ridwan, HK 1), Hilman, Y 1), Sayekti, AL 1), Suhardi 2)

      Sifat Inovasi dan Peluang Adopsi Teknologi Pengelolaan Tanaman Terpadu Krisan dalam Pengembangan Agribisnis Krisan di Kabupaten Sleman, DI Yogyakarta

      ABSTRACT. To increase production and quality of chrysanthemum flower in Indonesia, the Indonesian Center for Horticulture Research and Development has conducted research and assessment program implementation of integrated crop management in several provinces. Integrated crop management for chrysanthemum consisted of (a) the use of varieties and qualified-seedlings; (b) the use of shading house; and (c) agricultural process. The objective of this research was to evaluate
    • Amiarsi, D dan Yulianingsih

      Pengaruh Pengemasan dan Penyimpanan terhadap Masa Kesegaran Bunga Mawar Potong

      ABSTRACT. Pulsing solution containing sugar and germicides were used for flower stem dipping before packaging and long storage to serve as carbohydrate sources, prevent the plugged stems from microbe infestation, and keep the quality of rose cut flowers. The objective of the study was to determine the proper packaging and storage of rose cut flowers. The flowers were harvested at a flower rose garden in Sukabumi-West Java at 07:00 AM with two bud opening stages and then they
    • Nurmalinda dan Hayati, NQ

      Preferensi Konsumen Terhadap Krisan Bunga Potong dan Pot

      ABSTRACT. Chrysanthemum is one of cut flowers which are significantly preferred by market and consumer. The chrysanthemum products increase continually year by year and in 2012 productivity of the plant was up to 384,215,341 stems. The increasing of the products was also affected by altering market and consumer preference to the products resulted from farmers and growers. To know the changing of market and consumer preference on chrysanthemum products, research on market and
    • Widiastoety, D

      Pengaruh Auksin dan Sitokinin terhadap Pertumbuhan Planlet Anggrek Mokara

      ABSTRACT. Mokara is one of the favourite genera of orchid. The commercial orchid plantations generally use seedling from in vitro culture. Optimizing media is critical factor to improve plantlet growth and to promote plantlet procurement. One of the methods to enrich the medium is by the use of plant growth regulator. The experiment was conducted in the Laboratory of Indonesian Ornamental Plant Research Institute at Pasar Minggu-Jakarta, from May to November 2013. The materials
    • Shintiavira, H, Rahmawati, I, dan Winarto, B

      Aplikasi Modifikasi Media Generik dalam Produksi Bibit Krisan (Dendranthema grandiflora Tzvelev) Berkualitas melalui Kultur In Vitro

      ABSTRACT. Application of generic media which are cheaper to substitute the expensive Murashige and Skoog media and keep in resulting mass qualified chrysanthemum seeds has high impact in cost efficiency of the in vitro production of qualified seeds. Objective of the study was to find optimal generic media to produce qualified seeds for several varieties of chrysanthemum. The experiment was conducted at the Tissue Culture Laboratory, Cipanas Experimental Garden of Indonesian
    • Rachmawati, F 1), Purwito, A 2), Wiendi, NMA 2), Mattjik, NA 2), dan Winarto, B 1)

      Perbanyakan Massa Anggrek Dendrobium Gradita 10 Secara In Vitro Melalui Embriogenesis Somatik

      ABSTRACT. The existence in vitro propagation protocol on Dendrobium have important role in supporting the development of the seed industry in the country. The objective of this research to get mass propogation technology of Dendrobium Gradita 10 via somatic embryogenesis. The experiment was conducted at Tissue Culture Laboratory and Orchid Screen House of Indonesian Ornamental Plant Research Institute from March to Desember 2012. The experiments were arranged using randomized
    • Silvia Yusuf , E, Djatnika, I, dan Suhardi

      Koleksi dan Karakterisasi Mikoparasit Asal Karat Putih Pada Krisan

      ABSTRACT. Rust disease caused by Puccinia horiana is the most important constrain on chrysanthemum production. Control measure using fungicide spraying facing the problems of environmental polution and resistance of fungi against fungicide. Variety resistance, on the other hand, hampered by the breakdown of resistance because of the emergence of pathogen new races. One component of integrated disease management is the application of micoparasite i.e. a fungi which is able to
    • Dwiatmini, K

      Keragaan Karakter Kualitatif Hasil Persilangan Anggrek Phalaenopsis

      ABSTRACT. Utilization of Phalaenopsis germplasm, specially multiflora's Phalaenopsis have been done more years later. One of them was hybridization in order to broaden the genetic variability of Phalaenopsis traits. The objective of this research was to observe qualitative traits performance and diversification of colors, motives, and types of Phalaenopsis flower. This research was conducted in Greenhouse of Indonesian Ornamental Plant Research Institute at 1.100 m asl. from
    • Adiyoga, W 1) dan Nurmalinda 2)

      Kepentingan Relatif Atribut Produk dan Preferensi Kios/Toko Bunga terhadap Anthurium, Lily, dan Anggrek Dendrobium

      ABSTRACT. Preferences of flower kiosks/shops to particular ornamental crops are actually a reflection of final consumer preferences. This study was aimed at collecting information on flower kiosks/shops preferences to Anthurium, lily, and Dendrobium orchid. It was carried out in August-October 2009 in two big ornamental consuming cities, Jakarta (Capital Special-Region of Jakarta) and Bandung (West Java). Survey method by using a structured questionnaire was implemented to
    • Hanudin 1), Nawangsih, AA 2), Marwoto, B 1), dan Tjahjono, B 2)

      Komposisi Formula Biobakterisida Berbahan Aktif Rizobakteri untuk Pengendalian Penyakit Busuk Lunak pada Anggrek Phalaenopsis

      ABSTRACT. Soft rot disease (SRD) caused by Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum or Pseudomonas viridiflava are a major constraint on production system of orchid Phalaenopsis. Alternative control measures that are environmentally friendly has to be applied. Biobactericide containing rhizobacteria Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas fluorescens are the most promising one. The aims of this study were (1) to obtain the
    • Winarto, B

      Studi Penyiapan Akar Berkualitas untuk Uji Kromosom dan Penggandaan Kromosom Planlet Hasil Kultur Anter Anthurium (Anthurium andraeanum Linden ex André) cv. Tropical

      ABSTRACT. Obtaining qualified-rooting and chromosome doubling technique are critical problem in developing anther culture system on Anthurium. The aim of the study were (1) the effect of media and activated charcoal on preparing qualified roots which suitable for chromosome test, and (2) the effect of concentrations and colchicine application time on successed chromosome doubling. Study on preparing qualified-roots and chromosome doubling of plantlets derived from anther culture
    • Muharam, A 1), Sulyo, Y 2), Rahardjo, IB 2), Diningsih, E 2), dan Suryanah 2)

      Studi penyebaran Tobacco Mosaic Virus Strain Orchid dan Cymbidium Mosaic Virus dengan Metode DAS ELISA pada Tanaman Anggrek Komersial di Pulau Jawa dan Bali serta Teknologi Pembebasannya

      ABSTRACT. Cymbidium mosaic virus (CymMV) and tobacco mosaic virus strain orchid (TMV-O) are important viruses on orchids in Indonesia and other orchid exporting countries. Infection of the viruses on orchids inhibits plant growth and decreases the yield and flower quality.Up to now there is no data available on the distribution status of both important viruses in Indonesia.The study was aimed (a) to obtain data and information of distribution status of CymMV and TMV-O on commercial orchids in
    • Winarto, B

      Pengaruh Medium Dasar dan Amonium Nitrat terhadap Pembentukan, Regenerasi Kalus, dan Penggandaan Tunas Hasil Kultur Anther Anthurium

      ABSTRACT. Basic medium and ammonium nitrate are two important components giving high effect on plant anther culture. The study was conducted at Tissue Culture Laboratory of Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute from January to October 2008. The aim of this research was to know the effect of basic medium and ammonium nitrate concentrations on callus formation, growth, and regeneration. Spadix of Anthurium andraeanum Linden ex André cv. Tropical and callus derived
    • Diningsih, E 1), Suastika, G 2), Sulyo, Y 1), dan Winarto, B 1)

      Deteksi dan Identifikasi Chrysanthemum Stunt Viroid pada Tanaman Krisan Menggunakan Teknik Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

      Chrysanthemum stunt viroid (CSVd) is one of the important viroids infecting chrysanthemum in Indonesia. The purpose of this research was to develop a molecular-based method to detect and characterize Indonesian CSVd isolates. The experiment was conducted at Plant Virology Laboratory, Plant Protection Department, Bogor Agriculture Institute, Screenhouse and Virology Laboratory, Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute, Segunung, Cianjur, West Java, from May untuil June 2008. Total
    • Hanudin dan Indijarto Budi Rahardjo

      Penyakit Busuk Lunak (pbl) pada Anggrek: Penyebab dan Upaya Pengendaliannya

      The objectives of this paper was to inform the existance of soft rot bacterial disease causal agent and its control on orchids. The information scope of this manuscript was economic importance of the disease, causal agent, epidemiology, symptoms, morphological and biochemical isolate characteristics (shape, size and color of colonies on various media and other pertinent properties) and contolling methods both nationally and internationally. Based on literature studies it
    • Indijarto Budi Rahardjo, Agus Muharam dan M. Prama Yufdy

      Deteksi Penyebab Gejala Mosaik dan Ringspot pada Tanaman Anggrek Menggunakan Teknik Elisa

      Orchid (Family : Orchidaceae) is one of ornamental plant commodities that has high economic value. One of constrains increasing orchid production was caused by systemic disease by viruses. Orchid can be infected by more than 30 viruses. The objective of the research was to detect virus infection caused by mosaic and ringspot symptoms on orchid. The research was conducted at Virology Laboratory of Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute (1,100 m asl),
    • Indijarto Budi Rahardjo, Erniawati Diningsih dan Agus Muharam

      Pra-Evaluasi Ketahanan Aksesi Anggrek Phalaenopsis dan Dendrobium terhadap Cymbidium Mosaic Virus (CyMV) dan Odontoglossum Ring Spot Virus (ORSV)

      Orchids are ornamental plant commodity with high economic value and market demand, however in its cultivation, farmers or growers were often faced by pest and disease problems such as Cymbidium mosaic virus (CyMV) and Odontoglossum ring spot virus (ORSV) attack. One of strategies to control the virus is by using resistant varieties. To create the resistant varieties, genetic resources and characters description are needed. An experiment was conducted at green-house of
    • Ika Rahmawati, Herni Shintiavira, dan M. Prama Yufdy

      Metode Pengujian Ketahanan Phalaenopsis Hasil Silangan F1 Terhadap Infeksi Erwinia Carotovora Subsp. Carotovora Secara In Vitro

      In Indonesia, Phalaenopsis were cultivated and developed conventionally so that the constraint to soft rot disease caused by Erwinia carotovora subsp carotovora could not be controlled yet using resistant cultivar due to lack of their genetic resources. Development of soft rot resistance Phalaenopsis genotypes requires established and reliable screening method for resistance against Erwinia carotovora subsp carotovora. The objectives of this study were (1) to evaluate
    • Ika Rahmawati, Herni Shintiavira, dan M. Prama Yufdy

      Studi Kasus Teknologi Budidaya Anggrek Dendrobium di Esties's Orchid, Depok-Jawa Barat

      Dendrobium is an orchid favored by consumers, farmer and grower due to varied-colors and shapes and interesting. As a horticulture superior product, the orchid is also developed by several orchid nurseries, such as Esties's orchid. Furthermore to obtain qualified-orchid products, effective and efficient agronomical technology has to be applied. Case study in Esties's orchid was aimed to explore and get information of agronomical technology applied in Esties's orchid.
    • Sortha Simatupang

      Kajian Penambahan Jenis Pupuk Daun Hortigrow pada Media Tanam Anggrek sebelum Aklimatisasi Plantlet

      Assessment on addition of Hortigrow leaf fertilizer on in vitro orchid media before plantlet acclimatization was carried out. Objective of the study was to obtain suitable Hortigrow leaf fertilizer for plantlet preparation before its acclimztization. The study was conducted at Tissue Culture Laboratory of Agricultural Services of North Sumatra province. Completely randomized design with three resplications was used in the experiment. Varied-Hortigrow leaf fertilizers
    • Sortha Simatupang

      Pengkajian Perbanyakan Dendrobium 'Tin Suharto' dari Biji ke Protocorm like body (Plb) ke Plantlet

      Assessment of Dendrobium 'Tin Suharto' propagation from seed to plb to plantlet was successfully established. Objective of this study was to obtain subculture medium as an easy found and cheap medium with equal quality results compared to Vacin and Went medium. The experiment was conducted at tissue culture laboratory of Berastagi Experimental Garden, North Sumatra. The experiment was arranged by a completely randomized design with 6 replications. Media tested in the
    • Sri Romaito, Sortha Simatupang, Vivi Ariyati dan Lely Z. Nst

      Kajian Penggunaan Jenis Pupuk Daun Komersial dan Air Kelapa terhadap Pertumbuhan Plantlet Denrobium

      Assessment of commercial leaf fertilizer application and coconut water on Dendrobium plantlet growth was studied. The aim of the research was to established an easy found and cheap of leaf fertilizer medium with equal quality results of plantlets compared to Vacin and Went medium. The research was conducted at tissue culture laboratory of Agriculture Service of North Sumatra Province. Completely randomized design with three replications was applied in the study. Leaf
    • Herni Shintiavira, Ika Rahmawati, dan M. Prama Yufdy

      Studi Kasus Teknologi Perbanyakan Anggrek Dendrobium secara In Vitro di Esties's Orchid, Depok, Jawa Barat

      Dendrobium is one orchid type that can grow well in low to medium land and easy to flower compared to other types of orchid. Dendrobium flowers are preferred by consumers due to often flowered with varied-colors and shapes and interesting. The flowers are frequently used in flower decoration due to long vase-life, flexible flower stalk with high productivity.Plant propagation commercially using in vitro culture in orchid expected can be used to obtain qualified-seedling
    • Pudji K. Utami, Anggraeni Santi, Benamehuli Ginting, Jaka Prasetya

      Pengaruh Pemupukan N dan Umur Tunas Sebagai Sumber Eksplan Terhadap Pemacuan Inisiasi Plb Dendrobium

      Effect of different N fertilizers and shoot ages on accelerating growth of explant in plb Dendrobium formation was studied. The aim of this experiment was to obtain the optimal N fertilizer and shoot age to accelerate growth of explant in plb Dendrobium formation. The experiment was conducted at tissue culture laboratory of Pasarminggu Experimental Garden of Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute, Jakarta from Januari to December 2011. The experiment was arranged
    • Pudji K. Utami, Jaka Prasetya, Nono Sutrisno, Anggraeni Santi, Dyah Widiastoety

      Pengaruh Kerapatan Plantlet dan Media Organik Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Kualitas Planlet Anggrek Dendrobium

      Effect of plantlet density and organic media on growth and quality of Dendrobium plantlets was successfully studied. The objective of this study was to find out the best organic media composition and plantlet density on growth and quality of Dendrobium plantlets. The experiment was conducted at tissue culture laboratory of Pasar Minggu Experimental Gerden, Indonesian Ornamental Crop Research Institute from April 2011 March 2012. Research material used in the experiment
    • Debora Herlina

      Perbanyakan Anggrek Phalaenopsis dan Paraphalaenopsis Spesies dengan Semai Biji Secara In Vitro untuk Tujuan Koleksi dan Konservasi

      Research on Phalaenopsis and Pharaphalaenopsis species having economic and commercial value both local and international species through seed germination inconjunction to collect and conserve them was carried out. The plants were originally collected from Indonesia and other countries such as Philippines, Germany, Burma, Malaysia and India. Pollination was achieved by self pollination and intercrossing, and after fruits matured, the seeds were germinated by artificial
    • Debora Herlina dan Dewi Pramanik

      Pengaruh Komposisi Media dan Methylobacterium sp. Terhadap Perkembangan Protocorm-Like Body (plb) Phalaenopsis violacea dan Phalaenopsis amboinensis

      Propagation of Phalaenopsis spesies by seeds were sown asymbiotically for conservation purposes. Different Phalaenopsis species have specific medium composition preference. The study aimed to find out the effect media composition for protocorm development. The research was conducted at Tissue Culture Laboratory of Indonesian Ornamental Crop Research Institute. Plbs of Phalaenopsis violacea and Phalaenopsis amboinensis derived from seed sowing were used as donor explant.
    • Budi Winarto

      Proliferasi dan Kecepatan Penggandaan Tiga Protocorm-Like Body (plb) Dendrobium pada Media Pupuk yang Berbeda secara In Vitro

      In vitro proliferation of three Indonesian Dendrobium's protocorm-like bodies (plbs) on different fertilizer media was successfully studied at tissue culture laboratory of Indonesian Ornamental Crop Research Institute. Objective of the research was to study proliferation and multiplication rate of three Indonesian Dendrobium's plbs on differen fertilizer media. Plbs used in the experiment were derived from D. 'Jayakarta', D. 'Gradita 31' and D. 'Zahra FR 62'. Fertilizer
    • Nurmalinda dan Nur Qomariah Hayati

      Analisis Finansial Bibit Anggrek di DKI Jakarta

      One of the agricultural products that have a chance to develop is the orchid. Although, the development of a national orchid plant productivity fluctuates, the increase in production occurs, in addition to the formation of centers of orchid plants outside Java, but also people outside the island of Java, was interested in developing orchids. The purpose of research is to analyze the orchid farm financially and looking for problems in Jakarta. The study was conducted in
    • Nur Qomariah Hayati

      Analisa Penilaian Kompetitif terhadap Persyaratan Konsumen dan Teknik pada Pengembangan Dendrobium Bunga Potong

      Dendrobium is one of the important orchids with high economical value to be developed. In order to meet the user needs on new superior Dendrobium varieties with breeder efforts in producing new Dendrobium varieties and reducing the risks as low as possible, the competitive assessment analysis was carried out. This study was aimed to identify (1) consumer and (2) technique requirements for Dendrobium cut flowers. Data used in this research were primary and secondary data.
    • Dyah Widyastoety dan Anggraeni Santi

      Keunggulan Kelompok Anggrek Vanda dalam Meningkatkan Variasi dan Kualitas Anggrek Bunga Potong

      Vanda is one of the orchid types having high economic value, however is not utilized optimally to produce new superior varieties. This type is very important and can be utilizaed as breeding materials to produce new superior and unique type varieties. Apart from them can be used in interspecies or intervariety crossing, others can be applied in intergeneric crossing. The Vanda crossing results when are propagated using in vitro culture technique can stimulate increasing
    • Budi Marwoto, Dedeh S. Badriah, Minangsari Dewanti, dan Lia Sanjaya

      Persilangan Interspesifik dan Intergenerik Anggrek Phalaenopsis Untuk Menghasilkan Hibrid Tipe Baru

      For the last decades Phalaenopsis breeding has been done through intervarietal crosses using the same group of parents that caused reduction of genetic variation of new hibrids. New type of hybrids are certainly needed to generate market trend setter that can be resulted from interspecific and intergeneric crosses. Those crossess, however, are really not easy to be done because of genetic barrier caused by abnormalities of meiosis process and incompatibility between polen
    • Anggraeni Santi Setyawati, Suskandari Kartikaningrum, Nurmalinda dan Nur Qomariah Hayati

      Penyusunan Ideotipe Anggrek Dendrobium, Phalaenopsis dan Vanda

      The Ideotype describe plants based on morphology characteristics, but many of them are related to physiological function. The ideal type is a parameter desired by consumer based on market demand and/or consumer preferences. The objective of the research was to determine ideotype of Dendrobium, Phalaenopsis and Vanda orchids. The early concept of ideotype in present time, beside arranged based on characteristic of excellent clone Dendrobium, Phalaenopsis and Vanda that
    • Khairiah, Novia Chairuman dan Muhammad Fadly

      Jenis-Jenis Anggrek yang Terdapat di Sumatera Utara

      Indonesia is a country with large orchid genetic resources (more than 5000 species) and spread in several provinces, involving North Sumatra. North Sumatra is tropical area having great number of orchid species. The orchid species is distributed in several areas viz, (1) Laouser mountain forests with 47 types of macroepifit to 4 classes, 10 orders, 20 families and 32 genera, (2) Sinabung forest with 37 species of epiphytic orchid including 17 genera, (3) Sibolangit Park
    • Hanudin dan I Djatnika

      Inovasi Teknologi Pengendalian Hama/Penyakit Utama Mendukung Peningkatan Produktivitas dan Kualitas Anggrek yang Berdaya Saing Tinggi

      Orchid demand in local and internasional market from year to year increase continually and significantly, however export volume and value of Indonesian orchid decreased gradually. This problem was caused by low productivity and quality affected by plant pest and disease attack. To increase the orchid productivity and quality in conjunction to suppres the main plant pests and diseases and increase the competitiveness were needed optimal pest-disease controlling
    • Budi Winarto

      Inovasi Teknologi Perbanyakan In Vitro dan Kultur Meristem Mendukung Tersedianya Bibit Bermutu Anggrek Secara Berkelanjutan

      Indonesia is a country with big orchid genetic resources, however the resources are not utilized and developed optimally yet. The condition cause orchid products from developed-countries, especially qualified-seedling easily come to and dominate in Indonesian orchid agribusiness. The situation has to be a serious attention and looked for its best solution in order to support and keep the Indonesian orchid agribusiness in national, regional and global competition.
    • Suskandari Kartikaningrum dan Dedeh Siti Badriah

      Inovasi Pemuliaan Anggrek Mendukung Tersedianya Varietas Unggul untuk Substitusi Produk Impor

      Orchidaceae is the largest family of Angispermae, comprising more than 25,000 species and 5000 orchid species are native in Indonesia. The large potential of orchid genetic resources brings the breeder continually trying to develop new varieties accepted in the market both national, regional and international. Breeding programs are designed to improve the size and color of the flowers as well as other characteristics such as, longevity, stalk length, leaf shape, easy of
    • Endang Semiarti

      Kebutuhan Inovasi dalam Pengembangan Industri Anggrek yang Berdaya Saing & Berbasis Sumber Daya Lokal

      Indonesia is a tropical country having the second biggest megabiodiversity on plant genetic resources after Brazil. It is predicted there were 5.000 natural orchid specieses growing in tropical rain forest of Indonesia. A thousand and five hundred (1.500) of the orchid specieses were identified and most of them are un-identifed. Apart of them are worried lost due to damage of forest or its conversion. The genetic resources are not utilized maximally for Indonesian society
    • Novianto

      Prospek Pengembangan Usaha Anggrek Berbasis Sumberdaya Lokal

      Orchid is important ornamental plant commodity in Indonesia. Market demand of the plant increases continually from year to year. The plant is not only utilized for pot plant and cut flower, recently the plant is used as decorative plants marketed in rent plants, plant arrangement, weeding decoration and modern landscape. Although the orchid business incease continually and developed in wide areas, the availability of qualified-seedlings was stil low and let to orchid
    • Yusdar Hilman, M. Prama Yufdy dan Sri Rianawati

      Kebijakan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Anggrek Mendukung Peningkatan Ekspor

      Indonesian orchid industry faces heavy challenges and tight competition both local and global market. Constraints on innovation technologies, human resources, and modal become inhibiting factors in developing orchid industry in Indonesia. The disadvantage situation is needed to be anticipated via consolidation of all stakeholders of the orchid agribusiness and optimalization of utilization of Nasional orchid genetic resources. Indonesian Center for Horticulture Research and
    • Tri Martini, Bambang Sutaryo, dan Tri Sudaryono

      Serangan Kutu Thrips (Thrips Parvispinus ) dan Penggunaan Perangkap Likat Kuning pada Tanaman Krisan di D.I.Yogyakarta

      Ecology of Thrip parvispinus on chrysanthemum plants at medium elevation Yogyakarta Special Region has not been reported. The purpose of this study was to study the ecology of Thrip parvispinus on chrysanthemum plants, and control techniques with yellow sticky traps. The study was conducted Sidorejo Hamlet, Hargobinangun, Pakem, Sleman, Yogyakarta Special Province. The study began in June to October 2011. The results showed that the installation of yellow sticky traps, Trap Insect Adhesive
    • Indijarto Budi Rahardjo, Erniawati Diningsih dan Yoyo Sulyo

      Praevaluasi Ketahanan Anggrek Dendrobium terhadap CyMV (Cymbidium Mosaic Virus) dan ORSV (Odontoglossum Ring Spot Virus)

      Among the floriculture crops cultivated by the farmers, orchid is the most important. In cultivating the crop, farmers face many problems; the most important one is disease caused by Cymbidium mosaic virus (CyMV) and Odontoglossum ring spot virus (ORSV). An effort has been made to decrease crop loss by using resistant varieties. To create the rersistant varieties, genetic resources and characters description are needed. An experiment was conducted at green-house of Indonesian Ornamental Crops
    • Kurniawan Budiarto, Andi Pramurjadi and Nono Sutrisno

      Split Single-Bud Stem Cutting: An Efficient Conventional Propagation Method For Dieffenbachia

      Stem cutting is general propagation method of dieffenbachia for commercial purposes. Inducing every single bud to retain autonomous growth and forming complete plants was possible and might increase the propagation efficiency in production scale. The research was conducted to find out the effects of nodal positions on the rooting capacity and cutting performance of several Dieffenbachia accessions using splitting and cutting single-bud stem. The experiment was carried out at the Indonesian
    • 1) Dwi Amiarsi dan 2) R.Tejasarwana

      Formula Larutan Pulsing untuk Bunga Potong Mawar

      Pulsing solution is commonly used to prolong vase life by dipping the flower stem in a solution containing sugars and germicides before delivery in order to serve energy and to prevent plugging of stems vessel by microorganism growth. An experiment was conducted to determine the appropriate composition of pulsing solution to prolong vase life of rose as cut flower. In this experiment, 3 preservatives at 3 concentrations of pulsing solution were tested, consisted of 10, 20, 30% sugar, 25,
    • Syariful Mubarok

      1-Methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) untuk Memperpanjang Kesegaran Bunga pada Tiga Kultivar Bunga Pelargonium Zonale Hybrids

      Syariful Mubarak. 2012. 1-Methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) for Improving Flower Vase Life of Three cultivars of Pelargonium zonale hybrids. The short time of flower vase life is a one problem on flower. Flower longevity is affected by ethylene. Each ornamental plant has different ethylene sensitivity. To enhance the longevity of flower, the ethylene effect must be minimized by using ethylene inhibitor such as 1-Methylcyclopropene (1-MCP). However, the affectivity of 1-MCP is different on each
    • Syariful Mubarok, Ade Salimah, Farida, Nursuhud dan Ai Yanti Rismayanti

      Peningkatan Lama Kesegaran Bunga Gerbera dengan Penambahan 8-Hidroquinolin Sulfate, Sukrosa dan Asam Sitrat pada Larutan Perendam

      Gerbera is a popular cut flower. The quality of gerbera is determined by the flower longevity. Commonly, the problem of cut flower is the short time of flower longevity. There are caused by several factors such as the composition of holding solution. The aim of this experiment was to determine the composition of 8-Hidroquinolin sulfate (8-HQS), sucrose and citric acid as a holding solution on vase life of gerbera cut flower. Randomized Complete Block Design was used in this experiment with
    • Sunarmani dan Dwi Amiarsi

      Komposisi Terbaik Untuk Larutan Perendam Bunga Potong Alpinia

      Solution are commonly used to prolong vase life of flower by dipping the flowers stem in solution containing sugar as nutrition source, tamarind and germicide as material that able to prohibit microorganism growth. The objective of this research was to obtain the appropriate composition to prolong vase life of Alpine as cut flower. In this research, 8 kinds of solution were (aquadest/control, pulsing I (20% sugar + 50% ppm AgNO3 + 50 ppm thiabedazole), pulsing II (20% sugar + 50 ppm AgNO3),
    • Sunarmani dan Dwi Amiarsi

      Pengawet Berbentuk Tablet untuk Kesegaran Bunga Potong Anggrek

      Cut orchid vase life quality decrease in a few days. It is necessary to supply nutrition to improve vase life. A combination of carbohydrate and germicide can increase vase life of cut orchids. Instant preservative makes utilization easier. The objective of this research was to develop on instant preservative tablet for improving cut orchids endurance. The experiment was arranged in Completely Randomized Design with 4 replications. The result indicated that preservative tablet which consisted
    • 1) Setyadjit, 2) D.C. Joyce, 3) V. Vithanage, 4) D.E. Irving

      Peran Polinasi dan Etilen dari Luar pada Senesen Ronce dan Bunga G. Sylvia

      A series of experiments have been conducted in order to characterize the role of pollination-induced senescence in Grevillea ‘Sylvia’ inflorescences. Emasculated G. ‘Sylvia’ flowers were hand pollinated with pollen from G. ‘Sylvia’, G. ‘Robyn Gordon’, or not pollinated. Rates of ethylene production and ACC concentrations were measured in flowers at 0, 2, 4, 5, 6, and 8 days after pollination. All flowers produced a burst of ethylene after pollination, but produced empty seeds.
    • E. Sukasih dan Setyadjit

      Prospek Hormon Giberellin untuk Memperpanjang Masa Segar Bunga Potong

      Cut flowers is a plant tissue which has high respiration and perishables, thus, it is required an appropriate agent for postharvest treatment to increase vase life and to support their transportation for medium and long distance transportation. Review results indicated that Gibberellin is a potential postharvest agent to increase vase life. However, there are requirements to research on individual flower by concentrating on the types of GA or anti GA; flower conditions, stages of maturity,
    • Dwi Amiarsi dan Sunarmani

      Penggunaan Larutan Perendam Pulsing untuk Mempertahankan Kesegaran Bunga Sedap Malam dalam Suhu Ruang

      Pulsing is placing flower stems in a solution containing sugars and germicides before delivering the flower to supply carbohydrate sources and preventing vascular stems blocking by microbial growth in conjunction to, extend the vaselife of cut flowers. The experiment was aimed to determine appropriate composition of pulsing solution to prolong the vaselife of tuberosa cut flowers. In this experiment, 8 different composition of pulsing solutions i.e. (1) aluminium sulfat 100 ppm+sucrose 15%,;
    • Debora Herlina

      Koleksi, Karakterisasi dan Pemanfaatan Beberapa Spesies Bunga Potong Tropis

      The tropical flowers of Zingiberaceae, Costaceae and Marantaceae have been collected since 2003 and planted at the Segunung experimental garden of Indonesian Ornamental Crop Research Institute, Cianjur, West Java. To optimize the germplasm utilization, characterization of morphological characters in conjunction to determine superior characters that are important on breeding program and developing agronomical technology was carried out in the study. The materials used in the experiment were 4
    • Yudi Sastro, Ikrarwati, Ana Feronika C. I., dan Indarti P. Lestari

      Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Dendrobium Airy Beauty pada Media Tanam Alternatif

      The scarcity and rising prices of planting media is one of a serious problem in cultivation of orchids. Therefore, studies of alternative media that could replacing the existing media is very necessery. This study aim to examine the effect of alternative plant media on growth and yield of Dendrobium var. Airy beauty. The study carried out on farmers by involving five farmer cooperators as replicates. Dendrobium at seedling and blooming phase were used as test plant. Growing media tested
    • Tejasarwana, R.

      Pengaruh Kultivar dan Arsitektur Tanaman terhadap Produksi dan Kualitas Bunga Mawar Potong

      The aim of this trial was to design commercial rose growth technology on cut rose Rosa hybrida L. to yield higher production with good quality. Trial located in plastic house at Segunung field station, Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute (IOCRI), 1,100 m a s l from 2009 to 2010. Trial used split-plot design with three replications. Mainplot treatments were rose cultivars i.e. Grand Galla, Clarissa, Putri, Megawati, and Megaputih. Subplot treatments were plant architectures i.e.
    • Rahayu Tejasarwana, Darliah dan Muchdar Soedarjo

      Produktivitas dan Kualitas Mawar Bunga Potong Varietas Unggul Balithi pada Teknologi Budidaya di Lahan Terbuka

      Rose cut flowers in Indonesia have lower productivity and quality. The productivity and quality of the rose cut flower needed to be increased by using qualified-rose cultivar and suitable cultivation technique. The aim of this study was to evaluate rose cut flower cultivars that produce higher quality and productivity in opened-area. The experiment was conducted at farmer land in Poncokusumo village, Poncokusumo district, Malang, East Java around 900 m asl from June to October 2010. The
    • 1) Farida dan Sumadi, 2) Yuni Yulianti

      Pertumbuhan Tunas dan Akar Gladiol yang Berasal dari Subang dengan Ukuran dan Suhu Simpan Berbeda

      One way to overcome breaking dormancy in gladiolus is by setting the storage temperature. Some research indicates that at high temperature breaking dormancy can be reduced. The aim of this study was to obtain a diameter of gladiolus corm and storage temperature properly that was able to get a period of dormancy gladiolus corm more quickly. The results showed that the diameter of large corm stored at a temperature of 27.5 degree C with smoked way produces the fastest roots and shoots emerged
    • Pudji K. Utami, Benamehuli Ginting, Anggraeni Santi

      Pengaruh Bahan Organik terhadap Pertumbuhan Planlet Anggrek Dendrobium secara In Vitro

      The study aimed to find out the effect of the best media from organic material for stimulating plantlets of Dendrobium Orchid. The research was conducted at tissue culture laboratory of Indonesian Ornamental Crop Research Institute from January 2007 till December 2007. The experiment was arranged in completely randomized design with 6 treatments and 5 replications. The treatment were organic material such as: 1). banana; 2). bean sprout; 3). young bamboo; 4). cassava; and 5). sweet potato. The
    • Anggraeni Santi, Dyah Widiastoety dan Nur Qomariah Hayati

      Pengaruh Ekstrak Ragi terhadap Pertumbuhan Bibit Anggrek Vanda

      Vanda in one of the favourite orchid genera for cut flower or pot plant. However, cultivated of vegetative growth of Vanda seedling is very slow. N nutrient is needed for vegetative growth. The aim of the experiment was to obtain suitable yeast extract concentration for fastening the growth of Vanda seedlings.The experiment was conducted in the Greenhouse of Indonesia Ornamental Crop Research Institute at Pasar Minggu, from January to December 2008. Vanda seedlings used in the experiment
    • Anggraeni Santi S., Pudji K. Utami, Nur Qomariah, dan Nina Solvia

      Perbanyakan Klon Harapan Dendrobium Hasil Silangan Balithi secara Kultur Jaringan

      Dendrobium is one type of orchid that has been cultivated by the public in the world. Propagation of orchids can be done with generative and vegetative stage. Vegetative propagation is performed to obtain the same plant as the parent. Propagation in tissue culture to obtain progeny shoots in large quantities, uniform and in a relatively short time. The aims of the research was helping the provision of orchid seeds are sufficient in order to support the release of varieties of Dendrobium orchid
    • Nuraini, E. Hamidin, and Wieny H.Rizky

      Penggunaan bahan alternatif dalam media kultur pada perbanyakan protocorm anggrek Dendrobium spectabile secara in vitro

      The use of alternative materials in culture media on Dendrobium spectabile orchid in vitro propagation was applied to deal with reducing the high operational cost in that propagation. The aim of this research was to obtain the composition of in vitro alternative media that give the best effect to the growth of Dendrobium spectabile orchid protocorm. The experiment was carried out at Tissue Culture Laboratory of Seed Technology, Faculty Agriculture, Padjadjaran University from November 2010 till
    • Tri Sudaryono, Endang Wisnu, dan Tri Martini

      Preferensi Stakeholder Terhadap Beberapa Klon Bunga Potong Krisan di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta

      Chrysanthemum flower found in the domestic market has many different varieties, but the limited genetic diversity of plants became a major obstacle in the marketing of cut flower chrysanthemum, which is still dependent on imported varieties of chrysanthemum. In order to meet the needs of the market share will be a collection of new varieties and for the improvement of existing local varieties, then produced 10 new clones of chrysanthemum flowers. The purpose of this study was to determine the
    • Yayuk Aneka Bety, K. Budiarto, dan Suhardi

      Uji Adaptasi dan Preferensi Konsumen terhadap Varietas Unggul Nasional Krisan di Bandungan, Kabupaten Semarang

      Adaptation study and consumer preference are prerequisite step in supporting successful introduction of new superior varieties in a certain area, involving Chrysanthemum sp. The experiment was aimed to study the growth of some National superior varieties of chrysanthemum and consumer acceptability to these varieties. The experiment was carried out at Bandungan, Semarang on August to December 2009. The six superior varieties released by Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute (IOCRI)
    • Solvia N. dan Musalamah

      Perakitan Varietas Anggrek Dendrobium Bunga Potong

      One effort to improve the quality of orchids in Indonesia is to assemble new varieties through cross-breeding programm. Crossing were carried out between two parental of Dendrobium orchids which have high flowering ability and bright color flower. The purpose of this activities was to obtain high yielding varieties of Dendrobium orchids, started on 2005 at the Experimental Research Stations in Segunung and Pasarminggu. Crossing were performed reciprocally. Each serial number of crossing
    • Nurmalinda, S. Kartikaningrum, N. Q. Hayati, dan D. Widyastoety

      Preferensi Konsumen terhadap Anggrek Phalaenopsis, Vanda, dan Dendrobium

      Consumer’s preference research can help the breeders in giving direct and goal their breeding activity in conjunction to fullfil consumer’s needs of new superior plant varieties. The objectives of this study were to identify consumer’s preference on Phalaenopsis, Vanda, and Dendrobium orchid. This study was conducted using survey method through collecting data of 21 respondents of Phalaenopsis, 32 respondents of Vanda, and flower display method through interviewing 100 panelists of Dendrobium,
    • Nuryani, W., E. Silvia Yusuf, Hanudin, I Djatnika, dan B. Marwoto
    • 1) Tedjasarwana, R. , 1) E.D.S. Nugroho, dan 2) Y. Hilman
    • Winarto, B.

      Pengaruh Glutamin dan Serin terhadap Kultur Anter Anthurium andraeanum cv. Tropical

      Anther culture is one of important haploid technologies in producing double haploid lines and successfully applied in many plants, while the application in Anthurium is not reported yet. Research and development in anther culture of Anthurium focusing on studying the effect of glutamine and serine on callus induction, growth, and its regeneration was conducted at Tissue Culture Laboratory of Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute from January untill September 2008. Objective of this
    • 1) Amiarsi, D. dan 2) R. Tejasarwana
    • 1) Silvia Yusuf, E., 2) D. Sihombing, 2) W. Handayati, 1) W. Nuryani, dan 1) Saepuloh
    • Putri, D.MS
    • Sunarmani dan D. Amiarsi
    • 1) Amiarsi, D. dan 2) Pudji K. Utami
    • Hanudin, W. Nuryani, E. Silvia Yusuf, I Djatnika, dan M. Soedarjo
    • Hanudin, W. Nuryani, E. Silvia Yusuf, dan B. Marwoto
    • Winarto, B.
    • 1) Kartikaningrum, S., 2) A. Purwito, 2) G. A. Wattimena, 1) B. Marwoto, dan 2) D. Sukma
    • 1) Sunarmani, 2) Nurmalinda, dan 1) D. Amiarsi
    • Nuryani, W., E. Silvia Yusuf, I Djatnika, Hanudin, dan B. Marwoto
    • Suspenti 1) dan Nina Marlina 2)
    • Nina Rosana
    • Abdul Muhit
    • Dyah Widiastoety, Nina Solvia, dan Muchdar Soedarjo

      Potensi Anggrek Dendrobium dalam Meningkatkan Variasi dan Kualitas Anggrek Bunga Potong

      Potential of Dendrobium in increasing variety and quality of orchids Dendrobium is one of the largest orchid genera from the family of Orchidaceae. The orchid genera is an important genetic resource which is vastly available in the eastern Indonesia, such as in Papua and Maluku. However. this genetic resource has not yet utilized optimally as parents in cross breeding to produce varieties having characteristics as needed by consumers. Out of the 20 Dendrobium sections, only two sections that
    • Winarto, B.

      Peningkatan Pertumbuhan dan Regenerasi Eksplan Hasil Kultur Anther Anthurium Melalui Perbaikan Media Kultur

      Callus regeneration was an important problem in anther culture of anthurium due to slow response in shoot regeneration. A study of growth and regeneration of explants derived from anther culture of anthurium in different regeneration media were conducted at Tissue Culture Laboratory of Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute from January to December 2008. The objective of the research was to determine the growth and regeneration of explants on different regeneration media. Slow growth,
    • Sanjaya, L.

      Perakitan Varietas Tanaman Kerk Lili yang Berbunga Tegak dan Wangi serta Tabung Bunga Pendek

      In 2008 Indonesian Ornamental Crop Research Institute released a new superior variety of Lilium cv. Candilongi possessing main flower characteristics i.e., erect flower, moderately strong aromatic fragrance, and moderately long floret tube. Genetic improvement of the new superior variety had been conducted continuously since April 2008 to Agustus 2010 to produce new varieties according to consumer?s preferences. The main issue of this breeding program was to shorter its floret tube. To achieve
    • Hanudin, W. Nuryani, E. Silvia, I Djatnika, dan B. Marwoto

      Formulasi Biopestisida Berbahan Aktif Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas fluorescens, dan Corynebacterium sp.Nonpatogenik untuk Mengendalikan Penyakit Karat pada Krisan

      White rust caused by Puccinia horiana is one of the contagious diseases of chrysanthemum that is able to cause yield losses up to 100%. Chemical synthetic fungicides have been used to control the disease. Because of harmful effects of the synthetic fungicides, the other alternative measure to control the disease have to be developed in order to support the sustainable farming system. One of the recommended control measures is the application of biopesticide which is environmentaly friendly.
    • Soedarjo, M. dan S. Wuryaningsih

      Respons Beberapa Varietas Nasional Gladiol terhadap Pemupukan N dan K

      Nitrogen is one of the nutrients limiting the growth either vegetative or generative of gladiolus, while potassium as a catalyst in the process of metabolism.A field experiment to evaluate the effect of N and K fertilizers on the growth and development of three varieties of gladiolus was conducted at the experimental garden of The Indonesian Ornamental Crop Research Institute from June to December 2009. A split plot design with two replications was used. The main plot was three gladiolus
    • Pramanik, D. dan F. Rachmawati

      Pengaruh Jenis Media Kultur In Vitro dan Jenis Eksplan terhadap Morfogenesis Lili Oriental

      Tissue culture technique is the promising method for plant multiplication. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of in vitro media and explants on the morphogenesis of oriental lily cv. Donau. The research was conducted by using randomized complete design with two factors and three replications. The first factor was media, that were A = Murashige and Skoog (MS)+BAP 1 ppm+2.4-D 1 ppm, B = MS+NAA 0.5 ppm+TDZ 0.08 ppm, C = MS+NAA 1 ppm+TDZ 2 ppm, and D = MS+2.4-D 1.5 ppm+Kinetin 1
    • Darliah (1), D. Kurniasih (1), dan W. Handayati (2)

      Persilangan dan Seleksi untuk Mendapatkan Varietas Unggul Baru Mawar Potong Berwarna Merah

      Crossing of rose and F1 plants selection were carried out at Cipanas Research Station, Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute, at 1,100 m asl. on year 2000. Clones selected was observed through participatory breeding with PT Inggu Laut (Batu, East Java) and PT Sekar Asri (Lembang, West Java). The results showed that clone No. 41 has unique bright red color (red purple group 57 A),with long and straight stem (fulfilled the requirement for premium class), big flower bud and flower
    • Silvia Yusuf, E., W. Nuryani, dan I Djatnika

      Pengaruh Bahan Pembawa terhadap Efektivitas Beauveria bassiana dalam Mengendalikan Thrips parvispinus Karny pada Tanaman Krisan di Rumah Plastik

      Beauveria bassiana is one of effective entomopathogenic fungi in controling important pests on chrysanthemum production. Several constraints on its application in the field yet still become problems, including the decrease of viability and effectiveness of the fungi. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of several carriers on the application of B. bassiana to control thrips on chrysanthemum. The experiment was carried out in the plastichouse of Indonesian Ornamental Crop Research
    • Widiastoety, D. dan Nurmalinda

      Pengaruh Suplemen Nonsintetik terhadap Pertumbuhan Planlet Anggrek Vanda

      Medium is one of the important factors in determining the plantlet growth of Vanda. Nonsynthetic supplement has to be added in to the medium to accelerate the growth of Vanda plantlet. The aim of this experiment was to obtain nonsynthetic supplement to substitute the component of Vacin and Went medium. The experiment was conducted at Tissue Culture Laboratory of Indonesia Ornamental Crops Experimental Garden, Pasarminggu Jakarta, from June through December 2007. The experiment was arranged in a
    • Winarto, B. (1), N.A. Mattjik (2), A. Purwito (2), dan B. Marwoto (1)

      Aplikasi 2,4-D dan TDZ dalam Pembentukan dan Regenerasi Kalus pada Kultur Anther Anthurium

      Study of 2.4-D and TDZ concentration combination in callus formation and its regeneration on anther culture of Anthurium was conducted at Tissue Culture Laboratory of Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute from November 2007 to August 2008. This study was aimed to determine the effect of concentration combination of 2.4-D and TDZ on callus formation, growth, and its regeneration. Spadix of Anthurium andraeanum cv. Tropical which 50% of its stigma was in optimum receptive, MWR-3 medium
    • Abdul Muhit
    • Agus Sutisna
    • Agus Sutisna
    • Nurmalinda1 dan A. Yani2

      Preferensi Konsumen Hotel terhadapBunga Potong Gerbera

      Gerbera is one of cut fowers that has high market demand. High selling of gerbera cut flower in Rawabelong is a signal for farmers to increase their production, However, it should be noted that the type of gerbera is quite a lot. Therefore, farmer should be aware of the type of gerbera mostly desired. This study was intended to examine hotel consumer preference on gerbera cut flower. The research was carried out in 4 and 5 star hotel in Jakarta from September 2005 to February 2006. Ten of 4
    • Marwoto, B.

      Pengujian Kisaran Inang Nematoda Bentuk Ginjal (Rotylenchulus reniformis Linford dan Oliveira)

      Rotylenchulus reniformis is one of the most important semiendoparasitic nematode attacking different species of horticultural crops and weeds in Indonesia. The nematode can be found in the lowland and highland areas in Indonesia. One ofthe most reliable control measures ofthe nematode in the field is by applying crop rotation and eradicating alternative hosts. Before applying those control measures, a research on the host status of different crops and weed species to the nematode is
    • Diningsih, E., F. Rahmawati, Y. Sulyo, dan Darliah

      Metode Pengakaran Batang Bawah Mawar Bebas Prunus Necrotic Ringspot Virus Secara In Vitro

      The method for producing virus Tree plantlet of rose rootstock had been obtained in previous study. In obtaining virus-free seed, availability of appropriate in vitro rooting method is needed. Rooting is one oft he important step in tissue culture technique for plant rapid multiplication. The purpose of this experiment was to obtain the best rooting medium for producing virus-free rose rootstock. The experiment was conducted in the Virology Laboratory of the Indonesian Ornamental Crop Research
    • Tejasarwana, R., E.D.S. Nugroho, D. Herlina, dan Darliah

      Tanggap Pertumbuhan Mawar Mini dan Produksi Bunga pada Berbagai Daya Hantar Listrik dan Komposisi Media Tanam

      Mini rose.Rosa sinensis Hort var. Red Baby Rose pot plant need proper media electrical conductivity (EC) and growing media composition to obtain good growth and high Hower production. The objective of the experiment was to find out the best growing media EC and media composition. Experiment was conducted on the pot in the plastichouse at Segunung Field Experiment, Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Intitute, Pacet, Cianjur, West Java (1,100 m asl.) from December 2004 up to June 2005. The
    • Winarto, B.1 dan N.A. Mattjik2

      Studi Kultur Anther pada Aksesi Anthurium Lokal

      Anther culture is a technological breakthrough in tissue culture to provide homozygot plants in a shorter period compared to conventional method. Anther culture applied for local Anthurium accession for getting desistant mother plant against light blight. Anther culture application aimed to evaluate responses of anther culture of local accession of Anthurium and capacity of callus regeneration derived from it, in different regeneration media. The study was conducted at Tissue Culture
    • Tejasarwana, R. dan I.B. Rahardjo

      Pengaruh Formula Pupuk dan Jarak Tanam terhadap Hasil dan Kualitas Bunga Mawar Potong

      Fertilizer formulae for rose cultivation in Indonesia need to be developed. The objective of the experiment was to find out appropriate fertilizer formulae and plant spacing for rose cut flower. The experiment was conducted in Plastichouse at Segunung Field Trial of Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute, Cianjur, West Java (elevation 1,100 m asl.) from September 2003 to January 2004. Split-plot design with 3 replications was used. The main plot was fertilizer formulae, i.e commercial
    • Masyhudi, M.F.1) dan Suhardi2)

      Adaptasi Agronomis dan Kelayakan Finansial Usahatani Krisan di Daerah Yogyakarta

      Chrysanthemum is one of the ornamental plants, potential to be developed in the area of Yogyakarta. It is very popular and has high economical value. However, the supply of this commodity in Yogyakarta was still fulfilled by other provinces such as Central Java (Bandungan) and East Java (Batu, Malang). The Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology Yogyakarta (AIAT Yogyakarta) conducted some experiments on chrysanthemum from July 2005 to February 2007 in Hargobinangun Village, Pakem
    • Suhardi

      Sumber Inokulum, Respons Varietas, dan Efektivitas Fungisida terhadap Penyakit Karat Putih pada Tanaman Krisan

      Studies to evaluate the role of cutting as an inoculum source, variety resistance, and fungicide application interval were done at Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute. Survey of cutting health was carried out at farmer’s fields as seed producer on July 2002. A study under plastichouse to evaluate the response of some cultivars and determine the efficacy of fungicide applications was carried out from July-September 2002. The results indicated that cuttings were the inoculum source of
    • Wardhana, D.W., L. Soesanto, dan D.S. Utami

      Penekanan Hayati Penyakit Layu Fusariumpada Subang Gladiol

      The research was aimed to find out the best biological agent in suppressing Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. gladioli in planta on gladiolus corms. This research was carried out at the Screenhouse of Agricultural Faculty, Jenderal Soedirman University, Purwokerto from August 2005 up to January 2006. Antibiotic of 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol (Phl), Bacillus subtilis, Trichoderma harzianum isolated from ginger and ginseng were used with benomyl and warm water as control. Randomized block design was used
    • Tedjasarwana, R. dan S. Wuryaningsih

      Kultivar dan Formula Pupuk pada Pertumbuhan Bunga Potong Anthurium

      Anthurium cut flower (Anthurium andraeanum Lind.) has spesific flower form like hat consist of spathe and spadix with variation on spathe color, and has long vaselife. The objectives of this research were to find out fertilizer formula and cultivars of Anthurium to increase the productivity of Anthurium cut flower. The experiment was carried out in a Screenhouse of Segunung Field Trial at Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute (IOCRI) from January to December 2006 at 1,100 m asl.
    • Martasari, C.1, A. Sugiyatno1, H.M.Yusuf’, dan D. L. Rahayu2

      Pendekatan Fenetik Taksonomi dalam Identifikasi Kekerabatan Spesies Anthurium

      Identification of relationship of Anthurium species, collection from Indonesian Citrus and Subtropical Fruit Research Institute (ICISFRI) was conducted using phenetic taxonomy approach method. The study was very useful to developed new superior variety ofAn1hurium. The data used in the study were morphological, vegetative organ, reproductive organ, and pollen parameters. Anthurium relationship was defined based on Sokal and Michener method (1958). The research was carried out at both
    • Widiastoety, D., N. Solvia, dan S. Kartikaningrum

      Pengaruh Tiamin terhadap Pertumbuhan Planlet Anggrek Oncidium Secara In Vitro

      Oncidium is one of the favourite genera of orchid. The commercial orchid plantation generally used seedlings from in vitro culture. Media optimization is critical factor to improve and to promote plantlet growth. One of the methods to enrich the medium was by the use of vitamine. The aim of this experiment was to determine the effect of thiamine on the growth of Oncidium plantlet. The materials used were Oncidium plantlet without roots that were cultivated in Vacin and Went medium with addition
    • Dwiatmini, K., S. Kartikaningrum, dan Y. Sulyo

      Induksi Mutasi Kecombrang (Etlingera elatior) Menggunakan Iradiasi Sinar Gamma

      The torch ginger (Etlingera elatior (Jack) R.M. Smith) is believed native to Indonesia, and has the potential for commercial cut flower. The experiment was conducted at Indonesian Isotope Technology and Radiation Researh Institute, Pasar Jumat Jakarta and Indonesian Ornamental Crop Research Institute, Segunung from June 2003 until January 2004. The aim of the experiment was to obtain a wide torch ginger genetic variability. The torch ginger seeds was irradiated by gamma ray at 6 levels of 0,
    • Euis Rohayati 1 dan Nina Marlina 2
    • Nina Marlina
    • Nina Marlina 1 dan Euis Rohayati 2
    • Nina Marlina
    • Euis Rohayati
    • Fuadi, M.1) dan Y. Hilman2)

      Pengaruh Konsentrasi Benzil Adenin terhadap Kualitas Pascapanen Dracaena sanderiana dan Codiaeum variegatum

      This study was carried out with the main objective of looking at the effects of benzyl adenine (BA) on the growth and quality retention of Dracaena sanderiana and Codiaeum variegatum during simulation of subsequent shipping conditions (in the dark chamber). Concentrations of BA applied were 0 (control), 75, 150, 225, and 300 mg/l. The results showed that the growth and plant quality of D. sanderiana and C. variegatum in terms of photosynthesis rate, stomatal conductance, chlorophyll content,
    • Rahardjo I.B. dan Suhardi

      Pengaruh Beberapa Ekstrak Tanaman terhadap Bercak Hitam dan Embun Tepung pada Tanaman Mawar Varietas Pertiwi

      One of the constraints on rose plant cultivation was disease infection, especially black spot and powdery mildew. The alternatives to control the diseases was the use of botanic fungicide. The objective of the experiment was to determine the effffectiveness of plant extracts to control black spot (Marssonina rosae) and powdery mildew (Oidium sp.) on rose. The experiment was conducted in the Greenhouse of Indonesian Ornamental Plant Research Institute (1,100 m asl.), from April 2002 to March
    • Supriadi, H.1, Nurmalinda2, dan H. Ridwan3

      Tingkat Efisiensi Usahatani Bunga Potong Mawar dalam Pengembangan Agribisnis di Indonesia

      The research on rose farming system efficiency was conducted in the region of Parompong (Lembang) and the region of Cipanas (Cianjur) West Java, from July to December 2003. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the strengths and weakness both of shading and unshading system of rose cut flower cultivation and to find out the alternative farming system for improving the production efficiency and farmer’s income. Primary data were collected by structural interviews with the farmers and
    • Rahardjo I.B., E. Diningsih, dan Y. Sulyo

      Uji Kepekaan Antiserum Poliklonal untuk Deteksi Cepat CMV dengan Metode ELISA Tidak Langsung pada Tanaman Anthurium

      Cucumber mosaic virus is one of the major pathogens on some horticulture crops including Anthurium. A rapid detection method should be developed to support the evaluation of initial infection of the virus in crops. A serological method commonly used for rapid detection of plant viruses is ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay). The objective of the experiment was to determine the optimum concentration of CMV antiserum for rapid detection on anthurium. The experiment was done in Virological
    • Rahardjo, I.B. dan Suhardi

      Insidensi dan Intensitas Serangan Penyakit Karat Putih pada Beberapa Klon Krisan

      White rust disease is one of constrain in increasing the production of chrysanthemum flower. White rust disease on chrysanthemum caused by Puccinia horiana. One of the control alternative was the use of resistant variety. The aim of the experiment was to know incidence and disease intensity of white rust on chrysanthemum clones. The experiment was done in Plastichouse at Indonesian Ornamental Crop Research Institute, Segunung (1.100 m asl), from September 2002 to February 2003. Evaluations were
    • Widiastoety, D.

      Pengaruh KNO3 dan (NH4)2SO4 terhadap Pertumbuhan Bibit Anggrek Vanda

      The objective of the research was to determine the nitrogen sources from KNO3 and (NH4)2SO4 on the growth of Vanda seedling. N nutrient is needed for vegetative growth. The experiment was conducted in the Greenhouse of Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute at Pasarminggu, from November 2006 to May 2007. Vanda seedlings used in the experiment were 3 cm of height with initially had 5 leaves.The seedlings were grown on the media of charcoal and coconut husk mixture. The experiment was
    • Budiarto, K., I. B. Rahardjo, dan Suhardi

      Seleksi Ketahanan Klon-klon HarapanKrisan terhadap Penyakit Karat

      Resistance to major disease is one of important criteria in the selection of chrysanthemum for new released varieties. Japanese white rust is considered one of constrained-diseases and become major problems in commercial chrysanthemum growers in Indonesia up to this moment. Thus, selection of progenies against this disease became important. The research was conducted from October 2002 to September 2003 to evaluate 13 accessions of chrysanthemum, comprised of 12 promising clones of no. 151.13,
    • I Djatnika

      Pengaruh Rachis Pisang terhadap Perkembangan Penyakit Embun Tepung dan Bercak Hitam pada Daun Mawar

      Powdery mildew and black leaf spot are the important diseases on rose plant. Banana rachis was reported to be able to reduce some plant diseases and has the potency to be developed for disease control method which is easy to apply and environmentally friendly. The objective of the research was to find out the effect of banana rachis extract to control powdery mildew and black spot on rose plant var. Black Magic. The results indicated that 10% of banana rachis extract was able to control the
    • Budiarto, K., Y. Sulyo, I. B. Rahardjo, dan D. Pramanik

      Pengaruh Durasi Pemanasan terhadap Keberadaan Chrysanthemum Virus-B pada Tiga Varietas Krisan Terinfeksi

      Chrysanthemum virus-B (CVB) is one of the important pathogenic viruses caused significant degeneration on chrysanthemum growth. Efforts have been made to get the healthy protocols by eliminating virus from the infected plants. One of the promising methods was the combination of heat treatments and meristem culture. The research was conducted to find out the influence of heat durations of meristem culture on the existence of CVB on infected chrysanthemum plants.The experiment was carried out in
    • Wuryaningsih, S., K. Budiarto, dan Suhardi

      Pengaruh Cara Tanam dan Metode Pinching terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Bunga Potong Anyelir

      Carnation is one of the important cut flowers in Indonesian floriculture trade. The demand of this commodity has increased significantly up to this moment. Improvement of cultural practices is needed to make the business more efficient and profitable. The research was conducted to find out the effect of plant arrangement, plant density, and method of pinching on growth and flower production of carnation. The experiment was carried out under plastichouse conditions at Segunung Research Station,
    • Rahardjo I.B., E. Diningsih, dan Y. Sulyo

      Teknik Proteksi Silang untuk Pengendalian CMV pada Krisan

      One of virus attack chrysanthemum is CMV. The alternative to control CMV is the use of vaccine CARNA 5.The objective of the experiment was to test the cross protection technique for controlling of CMV on several chrysanthemum varieties. The experiment was conducted in Virology Laboratory of Indonesian Ornamental Plant Research Institute (IOPRI) in Segunung, Pacet, Cianjur , West Java, from August to December 2004, using a RCBD split-plot design with 3 replications. The main plot was 5
    • Rachmawati, F.1), B. Winarto1), dan A. Purwito2)

      lnduksi Regenerasi Tunas dari Kalus Hasil Kultur Anther Anthurium andraeanum Linden ex Andre Kultivar Tropical

      Anther culture is a breakthrough to improve plant breeding and seed production programs via production of homozygous line in a shorter time com- pared to conventional method. The media optimizing is one of important keys to reach a successfull anther culture. Objectives of this research were to obtain the best medium for induction of shoots regeneration and to observe the growth types from 2 callus color in anther culture of A. andreanum Linden ex Andre cv, Tropical, This research
    • Sanjaya L. dan B. Marwoto

      Induksi Pembungaan Lili dengan GA3 dan Modifikasi Fotoperiodisitas

      Plant breeding is a method to improve characteristic of plant genetic. The desired characteristics are commonly obtained through crosses among the selected of genotypes followed by systematic selection. ln the selection step, a constrain is normally found especially when it works with long flowering period of the F1 population. Therefore. it is recommended to induce Howering initiation ofthe plants using the effective agents. In this study the influence of GA, and photoperiodicity on the
    • Bibit Anggrek Vanda

      Pengaruh KNO3 dan (NH 4) 2S0 4 terhadap Pertumbuhan

      The objective of the research was to determine the nitrogen sources from KNO3 and (NH4)2SO4 on the growth of Vanda seedling. N nutrient is needed for vegetative growth. The experiment was conducted in the Greenhouse of Indonesian Ornarnental Crops Research Institute at Pasarminggu, from November 2006 to May 2007. Vanda seedlings used in the experiment were 3 cm of height with initially had 5 leaves. The seedlings were grown on the media of charcoal and coconut husk mixture. The experiment
    • Yulianingsih1), D. Amiarsi1), dan Sabari S.2)

      Teknik Enfleurasi dalam Proses Pembuatan Minyak Mawar

      The research was conducted at Indonesian Ornamental Plant Research Institute Laboratory in Jakarta from June 1998 to May 1999. The aim of the experiment was to find out the appropriate composition and kinds of animal fat for enfleuration process for producing rose oil. The enfleuration technique was used to produce volatile oil from red rose flowers from Bandungan, Central Java. Experiment was arranged in a factorial completely randomized design with 3 replications. The treatments were (a)
    • Suhardi

      Efektivitas Fungisida untuk Pengendalian Penyakit Berdasarkan Curah Hujan pada Mawar

      A trial to find out the efficacy of fungicide application after rain to control the diseases on roses was carried out at Experimental Station Segunung on September 2002 and January 2003 using a split plot design. The main factor was rose cultivar (cv.Holland and Cherry Brandy) and the subplot was fungicide application (twice a week, once a week, and after rain). The results indicated that on dry period (September 2002) both black spot and powdery mildew occurred on cv. Holland and Cherry
    • Suhardi, Hanudin, W. Handayati, dan A. Saepulloh

      Skrining Kemangkusan Mikroba Antagonis terhadap Penyakit pada Tanaman Krisan

      Research to know the efficacy of biological agents to control the diseases on chrysanthemum were done in a glasshouse and field. As many as 20 bacterial isolates were tested by spraying bacterial cells at 108 cfu/ml until run off. Evaluation was done at the harvest time in relation to disease intensity. Results indicates that leaf blight did not develop in the glasshouse, but other diseases such as fusarium wilt and powdery mildew progressed significantly. In the field, besides leaf blight,
    • Prabaningrum, L. dan T.K. Moekasan

      Identifikasi Status Hama pada Budidaya Paprika (Capsicum annuum var. grossum) di Kabupaten Bandung, Jawa Barat

      One of constraints in cultivating sweet pepper is pests and diseases problem. Survey to determine pests status on sweet pepper was carried out in January (rainy season) and August (dry season) in 2003 at Bandung District, West Java. Data were collected using questioner with 30 farmers as respondents. The data consisted of kind of pest, crop loss, and pest control and the data was analyzed descriptively. The results indicated that thrips was a key pest on sweet pepper in either rainy or dry
    • Winarto, B. dan F. Rachmawati

      Teknik Kultur Anther pada Pemuliaan anthurium

      Anther culture is a new technique developed on several plants in obtaining pure line of plant via double haploid plant production. The existence of such plant has significantly increased and improved plant breeding and seed production programs efficiency. In anthurium so far the techniques have not developed and reported yet, therefore this study is important and benefit for the plant in relation with improving the plant breeding and seed production programs. The research objectives were too
    • Winarto, B.

      Respons Pembentukan Tunas Aksiler dan Adventif pada Kultur Anthurium secara In Vitro

      Planting material propagation is one of important problems in anthurium cultivation for commercial purposes. Conventionally, the plant is generally propagated by seed and shoot, however those technique were time consuming. The objective of this experiment was to know response of axillary and adventitious shoot formation of in vitro anthurium culture. The experiment was conducted at Tissue Culture Laboratory, Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute from July 2004 to February 2005.
    • Winarto, B., S. Rianawati, dan D. Herlina

      Pengaruh Media Regenerasi terhadap Pembentukan Tunas Aksiler dan Adventif pada Philodendron c.v. Moon Light

      Philodendron is one of fascinating ornamental foliage plants which has high preference from user, but for commercial development of the plant is still faced by big problem on its propagation. The study aimed to find out the effect of regeneration media on axillary and adventitious shoot induction, plantlet preparation, and its acclimatization. The research was conducted at Tissue Culture Laboratory and Glass-house of Indonesian Ornamental Crop Research Institute from November 2004 till May
    • 1.Amiarsi,D 2.Yulianingsih, 3.Sabari, S.D

      Pengaruh Jenis dan Perbandingan Pelarut terhadap Hasil Ekstraksi Minyak Atsiri Mawar

      The objective of the study was to find out the best kind and composition of solvent for extraction of rose essential oil with good quality and quantity of concrete and absolute. The treatments were extration by dipping flower in 3 kinds of solvent (hexane, petroleum ether, andisobuthyl ketone) with composition of flower-solvent (1:1, 1:2, and 1:3) for 12 hour. Solution was separated by filtring and manual pressing. Extract was vacuum evaporated to produce concrete. Concrete was dissolved in
    • 1.Yulianingsih, 2. D.Amiarsi dan, 3. Sabari S.D

      Seleksi Jenis Bunga untuk Produksi Mutu Minyak Mawar

      Roses flower is potential for producing rose oil for product diversivication and for increasing its value added which usuasilly just used as cutflower and grave yard flower. The objective of this research was to determine kinds of rose varieties (local red rose, local white rose, Americana Beauty, and Holland red Rose) for producing good quality and quantity of concrete/absolute. Rose flowers were extracted by dipping flower in to hexane solution for 12 hours. Ratio of flower and solvent was
    • Utami,P.K., R.Tedjasarwana dan D.Herlina

      Peningkatan Pertumbuhan dan Mutu Alpinia purpurata melalui Pupuk P dan K

      Alpinia purpurata is one of the new tropicalornamental plants from Zingeberaceae family. The objective of the experiment was to determine the effect phosphate and potassium fertilizer application on promoting vegetative and genertive growth of Alpinia. The experiment was conducted in the screenhouse at Segunung field station (1,100m asl) at Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute, Cianjur, from september 2004 to August 2005. The plots were arranged in factorial completely randomized
    • 1.Yulianingsih 2.D.Amiarsi dan 3.Sabari S.D

      Formula larutan Pulsing untuk bunga Potong Alpinia

      Pulsing solution is commonly used to prolog vaselife by dipping the flower stems in a solution containing sugars and germicides before delivery in order to serve source of energy and to prevent the plugging of stems by microbial growth. An experimentwas conducted to determine the appropriate compositions of pulsing solution to prolog vaselife of alpinia cut flower. In this experiment, 3 kind of preservatives at 3 concentrtions of pulsing solutions were tested, consisted of 10, 20, 30% sugar,
    • Amiarsi, D.1), Yulianingsih1), dan Sabari, S2).

      Peran Tingkat Ketuaan Bunga dan Pengelolaan Tanaman Araceae dalam Ruangan

      The aims of the research were to determine optimal flower maturation and the proper interval plants rotation of indoor and outdoor for maintaining longer prime indoor quality of lowering araceae potted plant.The research was carried out at the Laboratory of Indonesian Ornamental Crop Research Institute in Jakarta from April 1999 to April 2000. The study composed of 2 steps of experiment. The first step was a study on the indoor keeping quality of flowering araceae potted plant, with 4 stages of
    • 1.Amiarsi, D. 2.Yulianingsih 3.Sabari, S.D

      Pengaruh Transpotasi, Tingkat Kemekaran Bunga, dan Kultivar Anggrek Pot Berbunga terhadap Ketahanan Segar pada Rumah Sere

      The experiment was conducted to find out the flower shelf-life of potted Dendrobium at screenhouse. The experiment was done at Research Institute of Ornamentals Plant Jakarta from July 1998 to April 1999.Potted Dendrobium used in the experiment was bearing first or second flowers. In this experiment, five blooming stages (0-5%, 25-30%, 45-50%, 70-75%, and 90-95% bud opening) of Dendrobium orchid were used. Potted plants were transported from Jakarta-Bandung vice-versa using refrigated vehicle
    • 1.Amiarsi,D. 2.Yulianingsih dan 3.Sabari,SD.

      Pengaruh Transportasi, kultivar Anggrek Pot terhadap Kesegaran Bunga Selama Peragaan pada Berbagai Kondisi Ruangan

      Experiment was conducted to find out the self-live of flowered potted Dendrobium at several rooms conditions with or without transportation treatment.The experiment was done at Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute from July 1998-April 1999. Three Dendrobium cultivars (Candy Strip, Bunjet Pink and Kyomeisabin) as potted plant were bought from farmers orchid at Cibubur, Bogor, West Java. Flowering Dendrobium with potted plant used in this experiment was at first or second flowering.
    • 1.Ridwan,H. 2.Nurmalinda, dan 3H.Supriadi

      Analisis Luas Minimum Usahatani Bunga Krisan Potong

      The pupose of the research was to find out the minimum land area of chrysanthemum farm for targeted yearly revenue of US$ 2000 to US$ 3500. The research was conducted directly in the region of parongpong Bandung, West Java, from July to December 2003. The results shoed that based on cost benefit analisy with land area of 2,237.5 m2 could provide profit Rp.24,426,500,- within 4 months or Rp.73,279,500,- a year. Based on minimum land area of chrysanthemum farm, if the expected net profit
    • Kartikaningrum S., K. Effendie

      Keragaman Genetik Plasma Nutfah Anggrek Spathoglottis

      Orchid need to be a species or cultivar to avoid from totally extinct. They can be used as the source of genetic variability in developing new superior varieties. Variability of the crop is very importance in plant breeding program to improve plant breeding program to improve plant genetic quality in the future. The research was conducted in Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Instite (IOCRI) from July 2004-February 2005. The aim of the research was to study the genetic variability and
    • Roostika,I. ,I.Mariska, dan R.Purnamaningsih

      Regenerasi Tanaman Sedap Malam Melalui Organogenesis dan Embriogenesis Somatik

      Tuberose is normally propagated by the tuber. The smaller size of tuber the longer time plant to flower. The application of in vitro culture technique might be used for mass propagation. Up to know, the reasearch of in vitro culture of tuberose in Indonesia has not been reported. The objective of the study was to find out media formulation for organogenesis and embryogenesis. The experiments consisted of 4 steps of (1) shoot induction, (2) shoot multiplication, (3) induction of embryogenic
    • Rahdjo,I.B., dan Y.Sulyo

      Proteksi Silang untuk Pengendalian Virus Mosaik Mentimun pada Krisan

      One of the virus that attack chrysanthemum is CMV. The alternative of CMV control on plant is the use of vaccine CARNA 5. The objective of the experiment was to find out the application technique of vaccine for CMV protection on chrysanthemum. The experment was conducted in Virology Laboratory of Indonesia Ornamental Plant Reseach Institute in Segunung from January to December 2001. RCBD with eight treatments and three replications were used. The treatments were graffing; mechanical inoculation
    • Rahardjo, I.B. ,A.Muharam, dan Y.Sulyo

      Studi Pembuatan Antiserum Poliklonal untuk Deteksi cepat Virus Mosaik Mentimun pada Krisan

      Cucumber mosaik virus is one the major pathogens on some horticulture crops, including chrysanthemum. A rapid detectionmethod should be developed to support the evalution of initial infection of the virus in plants. The objective of this experiment was to obtain polyclonal antiserum to CMV on Chysanthemum fo rapid detection. The experiment was conducted in Virology Laboratory of Indonesian Ornamental Plants Institute in Segunung from April to December 2000. A polyclonal CMV antiserum had been
    • Wasito, A. dan W. Nuryani

      Dayaguna Kompos Limbah Pertanian Berbahan Aktif Cendawan Gliocladium terhadap Dua Varietas Krisan

      The experiment was conducted from June to November 2000 at Segunung Ornamental Research Station. The objectives of experiment were to determine the proper composition of a mixture compost and gliocladium to control soil borne pathogens and to increase crop production of chrysanthemum. A factorial randomized block design with three replications was used in this experiment. The first factor consisted of two varieties namely, saraswati and retno dumilah, the second factor comprised of six levels
    • Supriati,Y. Dan W.H. Adil

      Induksi Akar Batang Bawah Mawar dan Aklimatisasinya

      Rose is one of ornamental plant which is very populer due to its esthetic and economic value. Nowdays, the demand of rose is increasing, but good seedling availability is limited. The most populer technique for rose propagation is graffing between the rootstock of one variety with upper plant of another variety which has specific flower type and color. The main constraint on graffing system is unavailability of rootstocks which free from virus, the presence of virus can cause unsuccessful
    • Darliah, D.P.de Vries, Maryam ABN,dan W.Handayati

      Bunga Mawar Potong Varietas Mega Putih

      The objective of this experiment was to find out a promising clone rose which was ready to be released as a new variety.Hybridization using selected mother plant roses and selection of F1 clones at first and second step were done in Plant Research International, Holland, since 1997 to 1999. At second step were selected 65 promising clones that was tranfered to Indonesia for adaption testing at KP Cipanas from 2000 to 2002. The results indicated that clone Balithi NI>97.030.-12 has a unique
    • Nuryani,W., D.S.Badriah, T.Sutater, E.Silvia, dan Muhidin.

      Seleksi Ketahanan Klon-Klon harapan Gladiol terhadap Fusarium oxysporum f.sp.gladiol

      The aim of the experiment was to examine the resistance of gladiolus clones to fusarium wilt. Factorial randomized block design was used in the experiment. The first factor was gladiolus promising clones, consist of 96212/168; 96210.2/20; 96215/49; 96203.2/14; 9607.2/129; 96215/202; 96215/122; 96204/69; 96213/109; 96210.1/170; holland merah; 621-1. The second factor was density of inoculum F.oxysporum, consist of nill conidia/g soil; 104 cells conidia/g soil; and 108 cell conidia/g soil. The
    • Widiastoety, D., S.Kartikaningrum, dan Purbadi

      Pengaruh ph Media terhadap Pertumbuhan Plantlet Anggrek dendrubium

      Media plays a criical role on the growth and development of orchid. Basic media commonly used in in vitro culture contains macro nutrients, sucrose, vitamine, amino acid, growth, regulator and other organic compound. Absorption of nutrients is affected by concentration and media pH. The aim of this experiment was to find out the effect of media pH on the growth of dendrobium orchid plantlet. The treatments were media pH i.e; 4,6; 4,8; 5,0; 5,2; 5,4; 5,6; 5,8; and 6,0. The results showed that
    • Winarto, B

      Perbedaan Botol Kultur terhadap Pertumbuhan Eksplan Anyelir Hiperhidrisitas

      Hyperhydricity is an important problem in carnation tissue culture. Fail in overcoming the problem can influence the succesful of plantlet acclimatization. Hyperhydritized-plantlets are normally difficult to be acclimatized and easy to become wilting and die. The aim of this study was to know the effect of different types and sizes of culture vessel in reducing hyperhydricity. The experiment was conducted at Tisue Culture Laboratory, IPPT, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia from
    • Winarto,B.,M.A.Aziz A.A.Rashid, dan M.R. Ismail

      Perbanyakan Anyelir Secara In Vitro Melalui Induksi Pembentukan Tunas Adventif

      The technique has an important role in mass production of planting material. The objective of this study was to obtain suitable in vitro propation of D.caryophillus L.cv. Maldives through induktion of adventitious shoot formulation, followed by multiplication of shoots, rooting and acclimatization. The study was conducted at tissue culture laboratory and glasshouseof IPPT, UPM, Malaysia from mei 2000 to November 2001.Three different types of explant (first and second young fully developed
    • Hanudin, W. Nuryani, K. Kardin, B.Marwoto
    • Hanudin 1, VV. Nuryani 1, dan Sutyastuti 2

      Analisis Kandungan Escherichia coli dan Salmonella sp. dalam Sabut Kelapa sebagai Media Tumbuh Tanaman Hias

      This study was conducted in the laboratory of the research institute for Veteriner, from May to December 2002. Whereas the purpose the experiment was determine the population of E. coli, and Salmonella sp in the material. Fibrow material of coconut waste are easily found and suitable for growing medium of ornamental plants, because of its physical and chemical characteristic. To be a good growing medium, the material has to be processed to eliminate pathogenic microbes contamination. As
    • Windadri, F.I.

      Keanekaragaman Sphagnum di Indonesia dan Peranannya dalam Tanaman Hias

      Indonesia is country who has mega biodiversity, one of this is moss that unfamiliar for Indonesian community. Among moss species, Sphagnum is a wide distributed genera but not well known, including its useful in Indonesia. Its leaf structure is cells like net and able to absorb waters and the character is specific for the genus. The character has been applied by nurseries to cover the surface of media in the plant pots in order to keep media remain humid for along time for reducing water
    • Sihombing, D.

      Efektiiitas Perangkap Berwarna dalam Pemantauan dan Pengendalian Hama Thrips Sedap Malam

      To find out the effectiveness of colored trap to monitor of thrips population in P. tuberosa and to find out it’s potent to control this pest, an experiment was conducted at Karang Tengah - Cianjur, from April 1998 to March 1999. Randomized block design was used with three replications. As a treatment are the colors of trap i.e., yellow, green, red, blue, green and brown. The result showed that the yellow colored trap was the most effective than the others color to monitor thrips population,
    • Santi, A., S. Kusumo, W. Nuryani

      Perendaman dan Kedalaman Tanam Umbi terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Bunga Sedap Malam

      Tuberose is one of cut flowers with unique flower and spesiflc fragrant. With increasing demand of flower, need flower productivity improvement to guarantee the continuity of flower supply. The aim of this research was to find out the method of inducing plant growth and flower production with immersion in water or gibberelic acid and different depth of planting. This research conducted in Cianjur, started on June 1998 until March 1999.Factorial Randomized Block Design was used in this
    • Sulianti, S.B.

      Stimulasi Pertumbuhan Multi Tunas Apikal pada TanamanLidah Mertua (Sansevieria grandis) menggunakan Zat Pengatur Tumbuh

      The growth hormone regulator Cultar and Cycocel were administered with various concentration 100, 200, 300, 400 dan 500 ppm. This research aimed to observed the influence of growth hormone regulating to the apical shut of buds and observation had been carried out for 7 months. Growth substances devided into two group e.g. soil and mixture substance of soil, sand, compost and manure (2:4:4: 1) and it had been done on randomized block design. Induction of Cultar gave significant differential
    • Sulianti, S.B.

      Kemampuan Regenerasi Daun pada Dua Jenis Tanaman Sansevieria yang Berdaun Variegata

      Sansevieria is commonly cultivation by leaf cutting. This experiment was conducted to observed the regeneration capability of leaf cutting of two species mother in law tongue (S.grandis hahnii and S. trifasciata laurentii ) with variegata leaves under influence of growth hormone regulator 1BA (indole butyric acid). The part of leaf cutting of each species was submerged in IBA solution (100 ppm) for 24 hours and then it was planted on sterilized sand medium with the randomized method. The
    • Rahajoe, J .S.

      Paku Sarang Burung, Tanaman Hias Berpotensi untuk Perdagangan dengan Berwawasan Konservasi Ditinjau dari Keberadaan dan Peranannya di Alam

      Asplenium nidus is well known as omamental plant with high potency. The potency of this plant for intemational trade of omamental plant will be discussed. To support that purposes, it can not be separated from the information of original habitat, distribution, number and the function of A. nidus in the environment. Those infomation are important to secure their sustainability. Studies about the ecology of Asplenium nidus were done in the Gunung Halimun National Park from September 2003 until
    • Mansur, M.

      Koleksi Herbarium Nepenthes gracilis K. Penyebaran, dan Potensinya sebagai Tanaman Hias

      Distribution and their potency as omamental plants. Nepenthes gracilis are insectivorous plants, the form and colors of pockets are attractive as a unique omamental plant. Survey in Sumatra and Kalimantan showed that the population of N. gracilis were still great number and widespread in many islands in Indonesia. Therefore, those species have a potency to be cultivated and developed as omamental plants in pot or gardens. The study conducted on June 2004, shown that, there were 162 specimens
    • Maryam Abn, T.R. Omoy dan T. Mulyana

      Evaluasi Insektisida Nabati terhadap Hama Palpita unionalis pada Tanaman Melati

      An evaluation on the efficacy of some botanic insecticides on P.unionalis was held in Entomology laboratory and in the field of Segunung Horticultural Research Station. The evaluation consists of two main activities: (l) Efficacy in the laboratory and (2) efficacy in the field. The botanic insecticides tested consisted of formulation containing extracts of pond apple seeds (Annona squamasa), buah nona/local pond apple seeds (A. reticulata), soursop seeds (A. muricata), neem leaves (Azadirachta
    • Yulianingsih, D. Amiarsi

      Pengaruh Larutan Kimia untuk Mempertahankan Kesegaran Bunga Mawar Potong

      dipping the flower stems in a solution containing sugars and germicides before delivery to give energy and to prevent the plugging of stems by microbial growth. Experiment was conducted to determine the appropriate composition of pulsing solutions to prolong the vaselife of rose cut flowers.ln this experiment, tive kinds and three concentrations of pulsing solutions were tested (10 ppm. 20 ppm, 30 ppm AgN03); 5 ppm, 15 ppm, 20 ppm Thiabendazole; 20 ppm, 30 ppm, 40 ppm Tetracycline; 100 ppm,
    • Sihombing, D., Suhardi

      Preferensi Kutu Daun dan Distribusinya di Dalam Tanaman pada Beberapa Genotip Mawar Bunga Potong

      Aphids are the major pests on cut roses. To find out of this aphids preference to some genotypes of cut roses and to find out of aphids within-plant distribution on cut roses, an experiment was done at Segunung Omamental Research Station, from May to December 1998. Randomized block design was used with four replications. In this experiment was tested 10 genotypes of cut roses i.e., Alhambra, American Beauty, Apollo, Holland, Mario Callas, Misty, Mr. Lincoln, Queen Elizabeth, clone no.
    • Darliah dan W. Handayati

      Evaluasi Beberapa Karakter Fenotipik Klon-Klon Harapan Mawar Mini

      Mini rose is one of pot plants prefered by consumers. Some clones of mini roses have been produced from crossing. The aim of the experiment was to evaluate of some phenotipic characters of mini rose clones. The experiment was conducted at Cipanas Research Station in Cianjur (1 100 above sea level) from January to December 2003. Randomized block design with 4 replications was used. The experiment used selected clones (no. 1, 2, 4, 5 and 53) and one introducing variety (control). Plant number
    • Diningsih, E., Y. Sulyo, Darliah

      Perbanyakan Cepat Batang Bawah Mawar Bebas Virus secara in-vitro

      Rose is one of the omamental plants which have priority for development in Indonesia. Most of roses are infected by PNRSV (prunus necrotic ringspot vims). The main source of transmission is Rosa multyflora ,used as the rootstock. The purpose of this research was to obtain virus elimination method on rootstocks of roses by in vitro culture. The Research was conducted in the laboratory of virology, Indonesian Ornamental Crop Research Institute, Segunung, Cianjur, West Java (1,100 above sea
    • Tejasarwana, R.

      Pengaruh ZPT Paclobutrazol dan Komposisi Media Tanam Mawar Mini terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Bunga

      Paclobutrazol as growth regulator and growing media composition could affect on growth of mini rose and flower yield. The experiment was conducted at Segunung field station, IOPRI, Cipanas, Cianjur 1100 m asl in February to Mei 2004. The aim of this experiment was to find out the effect of growing media composition and paclobutrazol concentration on the growth and the flower yield of mini rose cv. Red baby rose. Plots were arranged in a split-plot design with three replications. Main plot
    • Wuryaningsih, S., R.Tedjasarwana, T. Sutater dan A. Abdurachman

      Media dan Kerapatan Lindak untuk Bibit Tanaman Mawar

      One of physical characters to be justified on seedling media was a bulk density. The value of bulk was bigger showed media texture which more solid, difficult for water drainage and difficult root was. The objective of the research was to find out media formulation for rose seedlings which specification on lighter, easy to get the material, cheap, environmentally friendly, easily found and suitable for rose seedling. Research was conducted at plastic houses used a factorial randomised block
    • Andyantoro, S., R. Tejasarwana, B. Ginting

      Hara dan Arsitektur Tanaman pada Budidaya Mawar Potong

      The experiment wasn carried out from September 2001 to April 2002 at Segunung Experimental Station of Indonesian Omamental Crops Research Institute (IOCRI) Segunung, Cianjur located at 1100 m above sea level, Andosol loamy clay soil, moderately acid (pH 4.5 - 5.5). Soil was mixed with bamboo humus 1 : 4 (v/v) and covered by plastic mulch. Pertiwi new rose variety released by IOCRI in 2000 was used in this experiment. Liquid fertilizer modified from Handreck and Black formula (1994) combined
    • Komar, D., Nurmalinda, R.S. Basuki

      Analisis Finansial Usahatani Lili Lokal dan lmpor

      The aim of this research was to know the cost and income, break event point and minimum acerage of lili businessman. This research was conducted in two locations, namely Ciputri experimental field, and farmer’s field in Cisarua, Lembang and Salabintana, Sukabumi, West Java. The research done at Ciputri was a case study using survey method consisting of two steps namely. Prasurvey and Survey, started from January to December 2003. Data were taken from primary and secondary source. Primer
    • Sanjaya, L., B. Marwoto, Y. Supriyadi, E. Febrianty

      Pengujian Pertumbuhan dan Stabilitas Genetik 21 Klon Harapan Lili (Lilium longyflorum)

      L. longyflorum is one of the most popular omamental plants producing cut flower in the world. Cultivation of the species has faced many problems, the most important are the dependence of the introduced varieties. Other constrains found in the farmers level is that the existing varieties are susceptible to bulb rot disease caused by Fusarium oxysporum fsp. lilii. To solve those problems, development of new supperior varieties is necessary. Interspecitic hybridization of L.longyflorum was
    • Yuniarto, K. 1), M. Haeruman K. 2), W. Astika 3), B. Marwoto 1)

      Variabilitas Genetik Karakter Morfologi Progeni 13 Pasang Persilangan Krisan (Dendranthema grandiflora Tzvelev)

      The experiment was conducted at Indonesia Omamental Crops Research Institute (IOCRI), Cipanas Research Station, Cianjur, West Java, from February 2003 until July 2003 to study genetic variability, heritability and genetic gains of progenies resulted from 13 couple crosses of Chrysanthemum. The genetic variability of plants height, stem diameter, leaf number, leaf length, leaf width, pedicel length, diameter of ray tloret, diameter of disk tloret, number of ray floret, number of disk floret,
    • Yuniarto, K., M. Dewanti, B. Marwoto

      Studi Persilangan Buatan pada Krisan

      Artificial hybridization is one of several ways in creating new cultivar of chrysanthemum. The aim of this research was to study the technique of artificial hybridization of chrysanthemum till yield seed. This study was conducted at Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute (IOCRI), Cipanas Research Station located on 1200 asl, during 2 years, from April 2000 until July 2000 and from July 2001 until November 2001. Result of this study indicated that artificial hybridization of
    • Sanjay, L., Y. Supriyadi, R. Meilasari, K. Yuniarto

      Induksi Mutasi dengan Menggunakan Sinar Gamma pada Varitas-varitas Krisan

      Ionizing radiations have been used successessfuly for the induction of somatic mutations in chrysanthmum by a number of researchers which have been mentioned in various publications. In this study the improvement of Chrysanthemum cv. Sri rejeki, Dewi sartika, Chandra Kirana, Shakuntala and Cat Eyes using gamma irradiations was carried out. Rooted cuttings of the cultivars were irradiated with 0, 10, 15, 20 and 25 Gy of gamma rays. Reduction in survival treated plants, plants height, stem
    • Sanjaya, L., R. Kurniati, E. Febrianty

      Isolasi Mutan Khimer dari Petal Bunga Krisan (Chrysanthemum Morifolium Ramat) Varietas Komersial

      Chrysanthemum is determined to be chimera group which is easily undergoing spontaneous or gamma rays induced mutation on its flower petals. The chimeras could be isolated using proper regeneration medium. A study on the isolation of chimeras was done in the laboratory of plant tissue culture at Cipanas Research Station for Ornamental Plants.Spontanous mutans of the commercial cultivars of Chrysanthemum firm surrounding Cipanas, meanwhile gamma-rays induced mutation obtaind by the researchers.
    • Sihombing, D.

      Pengaruh Iradiasi Sinar Gamma terhadap Penampilan dan Viabilitas Planlet Lima Genotip Krisan Potong

      Mutation induction through gamma-ray irradiation is a short term method to increase of genetic variability of cut chrysanthemum. To find out of the effect of gamma-ray dosage to five genotypesof cut Chrysanthemum, an experiment was done in laboratory and glass house, from August 2002 to March 2003. A randomized block design in factorial pattern was used with two factors treatment and replicated twice. The treatment factors were the dosage levels of gamma-ray irradiation i.e.0.0, 0.5, 1.0 and
    • Sanjaya, L., R. Meilasari, K.Budiarto

      Pengaruh Nitrogen dan Giberelin pada dua sistem Pembudidayaan Tanaman Induk Krisan

      Chrysanthemum is one of the most important ornamental plants in Indonesia. Morethan 50 million flower stalks are sold every year to fulfill the market demands. The flowers are normally produced from the plants which are originally from cutting. The cutting are harvested from mother plants maintained in the greenhouse. In order to raise efficiency of cultivation of mother stock, a study was conducted to determine effect of outdoor cultivation of mother plants to the quality and quantity of
    • Nugroho, E.D.S., Y. Sulyo

      Media dan Pemupukan NPK untuk Pengakaran Stek Krisan

      There are several kinds of rooting media available for chrysanthemum cutting, but research about that is still rare. The objective of the experiment was to examine several of different kinds of rooting media and to know the influence of NPK fertilizer application during the period of rooting chrysanthemum cutting. The treatments were arranged in RBD Split Plot Design with four replications. The main plot were media, i.e.: burned rice husk, cocopeat, perlite, vermiculite and mixed of perlite +
    • Badriah, D.S., W. Nuryani, E. Setiawati, T. Sutater

      Seleksi Ketahanan Klon-Klon Harapan Gladiol terhadap Layu Fusarium secara in vitro

      In vitro selection for resistance using toxin produced by microbes or filtrates produced by pathogenic fungy added to media for selection methods using artificial inoculation. An in vitro selection experiment of gladiolus clones against fusariumwas conducted in the laboratory of Cipanas Ornamental Plant Research Station and biocontrol laboratory of Segunung Ornamental Plant Research Station using fusaric acid (0; 0,2; 035; and 0;7 mM) and filtrate of Fusarium oxysporum (0; 16,7; 28,8; and
    • Solvia, N., D.S. Badriah

      Penampilan Karakter Kualitatif dan Kuantitatif Sebelas Kultivar Bunga Gladiol di Dataran tinggi Cipanas

      Plant character performance have a function for quality of plant. The purpose of the research was to know the performance of qualitative and quantitative character of 11 cultivars of gladiols. The experiment was conducted at Cipanas Ornamental Research Station from September 2001 to March 2002. The experimental design randomized block design with 11 cultivars and 3 replications. The result of this experimen showed that different of qualitative and quantitative character gladiols flower
    • Wuryaningsih, S., D.S. Badriah, N.Solvia

      Evaluasi Pertumbuhan dan Daya Hasil BeberapaKlon Terpilih Gladiol

      Plant Growth and development of gladiolus was influenced by environmental factors. This trial was done at two locations in West Java i.e. Cipanas (Cianjur) and Sukabumi from January to December 2001. Fifteen gladiolus clones resulted from resistance selection to fusarium wilt disease and three control varieties (White Friendship, Holland Pink, and Holland Merah) were evaluated in each location. Trials were aranged in Randomized Block design with three replications. The objective of this
    • Wuryaningsih, S., D.S. Badriah, E. Setyowati

      Sumber Karbohidrat dan Zat Penghambat Pertumbuhan pada Pembentukan Subang Mikro dari Planlet Gladiol

      Micro corm formation of gladiolus planlet was one of important phase on gladiolus seedling through in vitro propagation. Aclimatization rate of mikro corm better than rooted planlet. Research on induction of gladilus in vitro micro corm conducted at Research Institute for Ornamental Plant Laboratory from Januari 2002 to December 2002 to find out induction method in vitro micro corm use growth regulator. Research design used randomized complette design with factorial pattern consist of two
    • Andyantoro, S., R. Tedjasarwana, D.Herlina

      Tanggapan Spesies Dracaena terhadap Intensitas Cahaya

      Dracaena is cut foliage plant and the most popular raw material for indoor ornamental arrangement.The quality of these cut foliage was affected by environmental condition of plant growth.The experiment was conducted at Segunung Experimental Station of Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute, located on 1100 m asl from August 2001-April 2002.Split plot experiment was used in this experiment. Three levels of paranet densities i.e.:55%, 65% and 75% were as main plot.Light intensities
    • Andyantoro, S., D. Herlina

      Tanggapan Spesies Dracaena terhadap Sumber N

      The experiment was conducted in nursery house under 65% paranet at Segunung, Cianjur experimental farm 1100 m asl.Split plot design was used in this experiment from August 2001-April 2002. Four sources of N fertilizer i.e. : ammoniumnitrate (NH4NO3), ammoniumsulphate (ZA), potassiumnitrate (KNO3), and urea as main plot. Three species of Dracaena i.e.:D.compacta, D.sanderiana, and D.surculosa. Research result showed that both ammoniumnitrate and potassiumnitrate were applied on two species
    • Adyantoro, S., R. Tejasarwana dan D. Herlina

      Tanggapan Species Dracaena terhadap Pupuk Nitrat

      The experiment was carried out at Sedunung Experimental Farm, 1100 m above sea level October 2002-June 2003 under 55% paranet densities. Split plot design was usedin this experiment. Th emain plot was the rates of application consisted of: 0.63 g, 1.26 g, and 1.89 g N/plant/month, as subplot was species of Dracaena: D.angustifolia, D.replexa, D.sanderiana, and D.thaliodes. Two kinds of nitrate fertilizer amoniumnitrate (NH4NO3) and potassiumnitrate (KNO3) were used. Data from two kinds of
    • Purwantoro, R.S. dan A. Suhatman

      Potensi Cestrum spp. di Kebun Raya Cibodas sebagai Tanaman Hias

      A taxonomical study was conducted on Cestrum spp. in Cibodas Botanic Garden as omamental plants. NTSYS program version 2.02 was used based on 20 morphological characters of 16 specimens in Cibodas Botanic Garden. Cestrum spp. in Cibodas Botanic Garden devided into 7 species: C.diurnum, C. purpureum, C.parqui, C.aurantiacum,C.calycinum,C.pallidissimum, dan C. nocturnum. Hybridisation of Cestrum can be done to get various of flowers. Keywords: Cestrum spp., omamental plants, Cibodas Botanical
    • Purwaningsih, I. Larashati dan R.Yusuf

      Populasi Cyathea spp. di Indonesia dan Potensi

      Cyathea is atree fern belongs to family Cyatheaceae. This is a big genus with total species in the world more than 600 species are forest plants, with varying degrees of tolerance of exposure to direct sunlight and to drying wind. The beautiful habitus of Cyathea is potentially as ornamental tree, except as the grown-medium of orchids. Most of species of Cyathea grow in montane ecosistems but there are some species which could be grown and developed as ornamental trees in lowland area. Based on
    • Rahayu, S.

      Pengaruh Pemberian Zinc-Sulfat dan Amonium-Asetat terhadap Pertumbuhan Tunas Bibit Asal Setek Areuy Badak (Hoya latifolia G.Don)

      The usageof zinc sulphate (ZnSo4) and amonium-acetate (NH4COOH) in 1 % Nitrogen-Phospor-Kalium (NPK=1:1:1) solution as lateral bud initiation agent was applied to Hoya latifolia G.Don (Asclepiadaceae) cuttings as purposed for indoor plant. The addition of 1 gram ZnSO4 and NH4COOH to 1 litre of the NPK solution gave the best result for bud initiation and the initial formation of plant as indoor pot plant. More ZnSO4 and NH4COOH resulted more longer bud inititation time, ununiformity and the
    • Nuryani,W.,Hanudin,E.Silvia, Suhardi dan Muhidin

      Pengendalian Hayati Penyakit Layu Fusarium oxysporum f.sp dianthi pada Anyelir

      Fusarium wilt caused by F.oxysporum f.sp.,dianthi is one of major problem in Indonesia carnation culture. The pathogen is survaived in the soil. A. Biological control using antagonis microbes has been used as the alternative attempt to control the pathogen. The objective of this experiment was to found out the biological agent which more effective to control fusarium will carnation. The experiment was conducted at Indonesia Ornamental Crops Institute Research (1100 asl) from June-December
    • Sanjaya,L., M.Dewanti dan E.Febrianty

      Perbanyakan Cepat Klon-Klon Harapan Anyelir Secara In Vitro dan Aklimatisasinya

      Availability of prime quality cuttings is a major contstrain in cultivation programme of carnation (Dianthus caryophillus). Up til now farmers use cutting produced from repetition of mather stock resulted in low quality of flower production. In this study planlet of some carnation clones was propagated. A completely randomized design with 5 replications was used. The treat-ent were 6 clones of carnations with experimental unit 5 bottles per clones, each bottle contained 3 explants of
    • Amiarsi, D. Dan Yulianingsih

      Formula Pengawet untuk Bunga Anggrek Potong

      The pulsing of flower stems in a solution containing sugars and germicides as soon as before delivery serve as carbohydrate sources and the plugging of stems by microbial growth, further more vaselife of cut flower can be extended.The experiment was conducted to find out appropriate composition of pulsing solution to prolong the vaselife of orchid cut flower. In this experiment, five kinds (25 ppm AgNO3+10% sugar+75 ppm citric acid, 50 ppm AgNO3+10% sugar+15 ppm citric acid, 10% sugar+75 ppm
    • Bety, Y.A.

      Karakter Kegenjahan Beberapa Populasi F1 Anggrek Vanda

      Varietal Improvement by means of hybridization ha yielded many superior varieties of Vanda hybrids. The experiment aimed to study the earliness of some F1 populations of Vanda orchids. The selected parents were crossed at random or resiprocally, interspesific or intergeneric during April 1998 to march 2000 at Pasar Minggu research station. The activities included crossing, harvesting, seed sowing, transflasking and compotting. Observation were taken upon harvesting time, development of
    • Bety, Y.A.., S. Kartikaningrum, S.Soejoeno, dan Suryanah

      Hibridisasi dan seleksi Populasi F1 Anggrek Vanda

      Variety improvement of Vanda orchid using hybridization yielded many prominet Vanda’s varietes. The experiment aimed to create the new hybrids of Vanda’s family having flower with the color of red, yellow, purple and blue, round shape, long lasting, easy to bloom, and resistant to pests and diseases.The selected parents were crossed at random as male or female parent or resiprocally during April to December 2000 in the greenhouse and in the field at Pasarminggu research station (IOCRI). The
    • 1.Kartikaningrum,S.2.N.Hermiati 3.A.Baihaki 3.M.H.Karmana dan 4.N.T Mathius

      Karakterisasi Genetik Koleksi Plasma Nutfah Anggrek Vanda dan Kerabatnya

      Several interspesific and intergeneric hibridizations of subtribe Sarcanthinae were shoed meiostic abnormality and low fertility. Most of the breeders working on Aranda improvement experienced poor percentage of successful crosses when involving primary Aranda hybrid as a parent. Theobstacles of crossing were occured in improvement of Mokara involving three genera. It could be related to the genetic distant of plants. Fouteen random decamer primer was used to amplify DNA based on Polymerase
    • Kartikaningrum, S., K. Effendie, S. Soedjono, D. Widiastoety, N.Q. Hayati dan R.W .Prasetio

      Koleksi dan Karakterisasi Plasma Nutfah Anggrek Spathoglottis dan Pemanfaatannya

      Spathoglottis is a ground orchid commonly cultivated as a garden ornamental. As an ornamental crop, Spathoglottis is planted in bed as a border plant. The color of Spathoglottis was varied from dark purple, light purple, pink, yellow to white. Spathoglottis has approximately 40 spesies widely distributed from southern China and northern India eastward through Southeast Asia to Australia, Samoa and Papua New guinea.Seven species was indigenous in Philipines. The result of the exploration of
    • Handayati,W.

      Uji Kemangkusan Isolat Pseudomonas Fluorescens terhadap Penyakit Busuk Lunak pada Anggrek Phalaenopsis

      Soft rot diseases caused by E.carotovora ssp carotovora is an important disease on Phalaenopsis. The experiment to evaluate of P.fluorescens efficacy to this diseases was done at Segunung, from April to December 2002. The experiment was divided in two activities i.e., in the laboratory experiment showed that P.flourescens in 108 concentrations was hamper the E.carotovora growth. In glass house experiment showed that the P.fluorescens in the same concentrations was also decrease the E.carotovora
    • Rahardjo, I.B., Y. Sulyo dan Maryam Abn

      Pengaruh Aplikasi Ekstrak Nimba secara Mekanis terhadap Virus Mosaik Tembakau Strain Anggrek (TMV-O) pada Tanaman Indikator Tembakau

      One of the important virus diseases on orchid is caused by TMV-O (Tobaco mosaic virus orchid strain). An alternative control method tried using botanical pesticide from neem. The objective of this experiment was to know the efficacy of neem extract to the merchanicaly inoculation of TMV-O. The research was conducted in the Virology Green-House at IOCRI, Segunung, Cipanas, Cianjur, (alt.1,100 m a.s.l.) from June until October 1999. The treatments were TMV-O inoculation (as control); mechanical
    • Widiastoety, D., R.W. Prasetio, dan Purbadi

      Pengaruh Bubur Buah Pisang terhadap Pertumbuhan Plantlet Anggrek Phalaenopsis dalam Media Kultur

      This experiment was conducted at the tisue culture laboratory of Indonesian Ornamentals Reserch Institute at Pasar Minggu ,Jakarta, from April to October 2002.The objective of this experiment was to find out that banana cultivar have the same effect with Ambon banana in the stimulated of plantlet growth. Media optimization is a critical point for improving the capacity of seedling quality and quantity. One of the methods to enrich the medium was the use of a complex organic mixture of banana
    • Santi,A., P.K.Utami dan J.Prasetya

      Penggunaan Pupuk dan Air Kelapa untuk Pertumbuhan Bibit Anggrek Dendrobium

      The aim of this experiment was to promote seedling growth by the use of alternative fertilizer and coconut water. This experiment was conducted in the net house of Research Institute for Ornamental Plant Jakarta, started on July 1998 until March 1999. Factorial randomized Block Design was used in this experiment with kind of fertilizer as the first factor and coconut water as the second factor. Each treatment used 10 seedlings with 3 replications. The result showed that application of 200 ppm
    • Elfarisna,Parsan dan Sularno

      Pengaruh jenis Pupuk Kandang dan Konsentrasi Pupuk Urea terhadap Pertumbuhan Vegetatif Anggrek Oncidium

      The experiment was aimed to aimed to obtain the effects of manure (chicken,goat,cow, and hourse) and urea level on orchid vegetative growth (Oncidium Golden Shower). This experiment was carried out at Nursery Field of Agricultural Unit DKI Jakarta, Lebak Bulus South Jakarta between December2002 and February 2003. The experiment was conducted using a randomized block design with two factors. The first factor was manure (chicken, goat, cow and hourse) and the second was urea level (0,6 g, 1,2 g,
    • Ginting B., W. Prasetio dan T. Sutater

      Media Tumbuh untuk Varietas Baru Anggrek Dendrobium

      The experiment was conducted at shadinghouse of Research Garden Ornamental Plant, Jakarta, from May 1998 to March 1999. Split plot design was used as main plot contined of two cultivars there were. Dendrobium Bloemen White (V 1) and Dendrobium Jayakarta (V 2), while as sub plot was medium. There were 13 kinds of media tested i.e. charcoal (M 1); rockwool (M 2); pumice (M 3); hematite (M 4);styrofoam (M 5); coconut husk pot (M 6); crushed stone (M 7); mixed charcoal and rockwool (M 8); mixed
    • Nurmalinda, D. Herlina dan Satsijati

      Studi Diagnostik Eksploratif Perkembangan Tanaman Hias Potensial

      The developing of floriculture agribussiness are very complex, so it difficult to find which aspect that first have to be started. Eventhough the accurate information are difficult to find, the aim of the research are (1) explorative diagnostic study on developing of onamental plant (2) praevaluate on potency of several collected ornamental plant based on superiority plants performance and their component as well as planting material for the DKI Jakarta. The data has been collected through
    • Maryam Abn, Purbadi, Suryanah dan T. Mulyana

      Studi Bioekologi Tungau pada Tanaman Mawar dan Pengendaliannya

      Information on the bioekology of pests is known to be the basic knowledge which is important in finding components of control of particular pests.An observation to known the biology of rose mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch, on different conditions and its response to pests control was conducted in entomology Laboratory, Indonesian Ornamental Crops research Institute (IOCRI) in Segunung, Cianjur, West Java from january to December 2000. the experiment was to observe the effect of different
    • Hanudin, K.Kardin, dan Suhardi

      Evaluasi Ketahanan Klon-Klon Krisan terhadap Penyakit Karat putih

      White rust disese caused by Puccinia horina is one of major problem in Indonesia Chrysanthemum cultivation. Thirdteen promising clones of Chrysanthemum were tested for their resistance to white rust disease.The experiment were conducted at experimental garden of Segunung Research station (1.100m asl), on June till December 2001. The research was arranged in a randomized block design with three replications. The clones were propagated using cuttings which were all rooted on the burned rice husk
    • Herlina,D., Y.Sulyo, I.B.Rahardjo, dan Darliah

      Deteksi Virus pada Koleksi Tanaman Mawar yang telah Direjuvinasi Menggunakan Batang Bawah kultivar Multic

      Rejuvenation on nonproductive roses should be done because of virus infected.The aims of the research is virus detections after rejuvenation using multic rootstocks and order to have healthy breeder seed. The experimen was conducted at Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute segung west java from July 200 to March 2001. Fifteen varieteis of rose had already rejuvenated with multic meristem culture were rootstock were grown in glashouse, one varity matador originated from seed and multic
    • Suhardi dan A.Saepuloh

      Telaah Bioekologi Penyakit Embun Tepung pada Tanaman Mawar

      Powdery mildew is an important of fungal disease of rose under plastichouse. Studies toknow the role of cleistothecium (sexual stage) on disease cycle, alternative host, effect of irrigation system, and plant growth condition were done in the laboratory, under glass and plastichouse, and field of Indonesian Ornamental Plant Research Institute from April-October 2000. The data indicates that (a) no cleistothecium (sexual stage) was found.Conidium (asexual stage) was the only, there was no
    • Marwoto,B. L.Sanjaya, K. Budiarto dan I.B.Rahardjo.

      Pengaruh Antiviral dalam Media Kultur terhadap Keberadaan Chysanthemum virus B pada 4 Varietas Krisan Terinfeksi

      The use of conventional propagation technique to produce planting materials is susceptible to virus anfection which is known as the causal of degeneration syndrome. One of the promising methodes to produce clean, healthy and abundant planting material is by applying apical meristem culture. A study of producing virus free planting materials was performed at the laboratory of in vitro culture of Cipanas Research Station from March 2001 to April 2002. The objective of the study was to obtain
    • Hanudin, B.Marwoto, A.Saepuloh, K.Mulya dan M.machmud

      Formula Cair Pseudomonas Fluorescens untuk Pengendalian Penyakit Layu Fusarium pada Anyelir

      Ten isolates of Plourescens collection from Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute Laboratory have been used for antagonic and antibiosis test. The research were conducted at Laboratory and greenhouse from April to December 2002. The objective of this study was to find out the biopesticide formula which is effective to control fusarium wilt of carnations. The treatments was arranged in a completely randomized block design with 10 treatments and three replications. On the efectiveness
    • Handayati,W., Hanudin, dan S.Soejono

      Resistensi Genotip Anggrek Phalaenopsis terhadap Penyakit Busuk Lunak

      Soft rot disease caused by a bacteria Erwinia carotovora ssp. Carotovora is an important disease on phalaenopsis. To get resistant genotypes of phalaenopsis to soft rot diseases, an experiments was conducted at Segunung from April to December 2002. The resistancy of eight phalaenopsis genotypes to soft rot diseases was evaluated. The result showed that the P.6505 and P.503 genotypes were the most resistance to soft the rot diseases than the other genotypes. Resistant genotypes to this disease
    • Wasito,A dan B. Marwoto

      Daya Hasil dan Adaptasi Klon-klon Harapan Krisan di Tiga Zone Elevasi

      Potential yields of crhysanthenum were linked with genetic materials and enviromental conditions.The objective of this experiments was to evaluate the potential yield and adaptation of breeder promising clones related to selection on method on chrysanthenum breeding program for new releasingvarietes. Fifteen promising clones of chrysanthenum were planted at three location with elevation 700,1.100, and 1.200 m asl. A randomized design with three replication, and conducted from August 2001 to
    • Wuryaningsih,S .D.S.Badriah, dan R.S Rahayu

      Daya Hasil Beberapa Klon Gladiol Terpilih

      Growth and development of Gladiolus hybridus are influenced and controlled by interaction between genetic and environmental factors. Among the environmental factor planting location is the most important.The objective of this trial was evaluate widely yield potential of selected gladiolus clones were evaluated at two locations (Cipanas and Sukabumi) in 1999 and 2000 and cv queen occer as control.Randomized block design with three repilicationwas used. Observation was condukted of flower
    • Wuryaningsih,S., J.Prasetyo, R. Tedjasarawana, dan A.Mintarsih

      Media Tumbuh, Tingkat Daya Hantar Listrik, dan Pencucian Media untuk Kualitas Anthurium Pot

      The electric conductivy of soil less media was one of parameter useful for nutrient application. Its accumulation on media was needed watering, for suitability condition for plant growth development. Research to find out growing media , electic conductivity and watering period of potted anthurium was conducted at a plastic house from August 2001- March 2002. Randomized complette block design with factorial pattern consists of three factors and three replications were used. The first factor was
    • Wuryaningsih,S. S.Soejono, D.S.Badriah, dan A.Abdurahman

      Peran Giberelin, Pupuk, dan Paklobutrazol pada Pembesaran Subang Gladiol Asal Biji

      The time beetwen seed and corm formation of gladiolus was one step of selection which need 2-4 year.It was due to corm formation from seed was to small. On the other hand, to produce gladiolus flower with quality standar the size of corm was 3 cm or minimum 2,5 cm. To find out technique of corms enlargement from gladiolus seed research was conducted at Indonesian Ornamental Crop Research Institute from March to December 2001. The trial were consisting of two periods.First step was hybridization
    • Wuryaningsih,S., S. Andyantoro, dan A. Abdurahman.

      Media Tumbuh, Kultivar dan Daya Hantar Listrik Pupuk untuk Bunga Anthurium Potong

      Generally, variety products of growing media for ornamental plants found in the market are imported.On the other hand, many materials around can be used as growing media, such as coir dust and coconut fibres.Soluble salt levels on growing medium are determined by various factors including meida type and ornamental plant which grown The objective of this experiment was to find the best anthurium media using local material which was available, cheap, easily, and safely. Research was conducted at
    • Tejasarwana,R. S.Andyantoro, dan P.K.Utami

      Hasil dan Kualitas Mawar pada Dua Formula Nutrisi Cair dan Frekuensi Pemberian

      Frequency of application of liquid fertilizer, rose cultivar, and nutrient formula influence quality and quantity of rose yield. This experiment was conducted to determine the highest yield of liquid nutrient formulae and frequency applied on two rose cultivars. Using asplit-split plot design with there replications from April 2001-Februari 2002 in plastichouse at Segunung Field station of Indonesian Ornamental Crop Research Institute,1.100 m asl. Frequency of application treatments of liquid
    • Tejasarwana,R. S.Wuryaningsih, J.Prasetya, dan P.K. Utami

      Penampilan Empat Kultivar Mawar Potong pada Media Tanam Organik dalam Kultur Agregat Hidroponik

      Growing Media for cut rose plant in hydroponyc aggregate culture is rockwool.Alternatif growing media composed from organic matters are needed because the rockwool cost are expensif. The aim of this experiment is to find out organic matter for growing media as alternatives in hydroponic aggregate culture. The experiment was conducted in the Segunung field station of Indonesian Ornamental Crop Institute, Pacet, Cianjur 1.100 m asl from April 2001-February 2002. Plastic slabs as plots were
    • Tejasarwana,R., P.K.Utami, dan B.Ginting

      Hasil Bunga Mawar Potong pada Tiga Formula Nutrisi Cair

      Cut rose cultivation with advance technology need introduction of superior cultivars and exact liquid fertilizer formulae.The objective of the experiment was to determine the proper nutrient formulae for best growth and production cut rose flowers. The experiment was conconducted in Segunung Field Station (1.100 m asl), at Indonesia Ornamental Crop Research Institute Cipanas, Cianjur District, in 2002-2003 plant season. The plot was arranged in a magic, akito, and gran gala. Three nutrient
    • Tejasarwana,R .A.Wasito, dan W. Prasetio.

      Pengaruh Ukuran Umbi dan Umur Simpan Bibit terhadap Produktivitas Tanaman Sedap Malam

      Tuberose was commercially multiplied by tubers. Bulb size and bulb strorage time determined growth, flower ignition, productivity, and quality of flower yield. The aim of this trial was to find out on flower productivity of tuberose plant from several bulb sizes and bulb storages time. The field experiment was conducted in a tuberose production centre at Cianjur District, 600m asl. Treatment plots was arranged in as a split-plot design with three replications.Bulb sizes was used as mainplot of
    • Darliah, W.Handayati, Maryam ABN., dan D.Kurniasih

      Keragaan Hasil dan Kualitas Bunga Klon-Klon Mawar Potong

      This experiment was conducted at Cipanas Research Station, at 1.100 m asl from January until December 2001. The experiment used randomized block design with three replications. Cut rose clones were used as treatments namely NI.97.029-82, NI.97.029-51, NI.97.032-9. NI.97.025-14, NI.97.026-13, NI.97.002-1, NI.97.007.6, NI.97.028-15, NI.97.004-1, NI.97.027-71 and tineke (control). The results showed that four clones ( NI.97.032-9,NI. 97.025-14, NI.97. 002-1 and NI.97.027-71) were selected as
    • Sanjaya L, B. Marwoto dan M.Dewanti

      Hibridisasi Anyelir dan Karakterisasi Tanaman F1 yang Novel

      Demand and profile of ornamental plant as a fashion. Therefore new varieties of carnations have tobe developed to make available suppy periodically in the market. Breedingfor novel and resistance to major disease of carnation has been carried out at Cipanas Research Station involying selected modern commercial cultivars during January 2000 to February 2002. As many as 33 differen crosses (domingo and aicardy as female parent and block of no. 17, 23 and 49 as male parent) were made producing 954
    • Sanjaya,L, B.Marwoto dan K.Yuniarto

      Hibridisasi Krisan dan karakterisasi Tanaman F1 yang Novel

      Demand and profile of ornamental crop as a fashion. Therefore new varieties of cut-mums have to be developed to make available suplply periodically in market.In his study, crosses of selected varieties were made to produce F1 population. From 100 crosses made, 54 produced F1 seeds in varying amount depending on the parent used, and 16 F1 plants had been selected as new candidates varieties which were novel flower color, and ! of them was resistance to rust disease. The highest percentage of
    • Wasito, A.

      Respons Tanaman Induk Klon Unggul Krisan terhadap ZPT dan Frekuensi Aplikasi Fungisida dalam Sistem Budidaya Lahan Terbuka

      The objec tive of this study was to find out the technology of cutting production on the chrysanthemum promising clones under out door condition. The experiment was conducted at the experimental garden of Indonesian Ornamental Crop Research Institute, Segunung 1,100 m asl from July to December 2002. A split-split plot design was used consisted of three factors with three replications. The first factor was five chyrsanthemum promising clones, the second factor was two levels sodium nitroquaicol
    • Antoro Wasito dan Deden Komar

      Pengaruh Jenis Pupuk terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Tanaman Krisan

      The influence of fertilizers on the growth and yield of chrysanthemum. Three kinds of fertilizers applications were evaluated on the growth and yield of chrysantemum varieties planted under plastic house condition at Indonesian Ornamental Crops research Institute, Segunung. with elevation 1.100 m. above sea level. The experiment research was conducted from August 2001 to December 2001, using Split Plot Design with three replications, main plot consisted three kinds of fertilizers applicaion
    • Suyanti, S. Prabawati, dan Sjaifullah

      Standar Mutu Bunga Melati Segar dan untuk Bahan Baku Industri

      White jasmines have always been used for decoration, tea industry and essential oil industry, as well as export commodity to Singapore. The research’s aims was to build a draft standard fresh jasmine quality for fresh flowers and indus trial purpose. The standard it self will be very useful for agroindustry development. Jasmine quality was affected by the flower’s size, color, and its fresh ness. Jasmine from Tegal, Tangerang, Cirebon, and Bogor areas were mostly used as fresh flowers. Tegal’s
    • Suyanti, S. Prabawati, dan Sjaifullah

      Karakterisasi Fisiko-Kimia Bunga Melati Putih

      White jasmine from Tegal, Central Jawa was harvested at three stages of maturities, M-1 (1 day before flower opening), M-2 (2 days before flower opening), and open flower. Observation on physico-chemical characteristics was on weight of flower, size of flower, aroma, and chemical content of flower. The re sults showed that those flower were harvest at stage maturity of M-2, color of sepal was white yellow ish, there was no aroma, and flowers failed to open. The flowers was very popular for hair
    • Rahardjo, I.B., Y. Sulyo, dan E. Diningsih

      Uji Kepekaan Gamma-Globulin Antiserum Poliklonal Cucumber Mosaic Virus untuk Deteksi Cepat CMV dengan Metode Elisa Tidak Langsung pada Tanaman Tapak Dara

      Cucumber mosaic virus is one of the major pathogens on some horticulture crops including Vinca sp. A rapid detection method should be developed to support the evaluation of initial infection of the virus on crops. A serological method commonly used for rapid detection of plant viruses is ELISA. The objectives were to produce purified gamma-globulin of CMV antiserum and to determine the optimum concentration for rapid detection of the virus. The experiment was done in Virological Laboratory of
    • Rahardjo I.B., Y. Sulyo, dan E. Diningsih

      Uji Kepekaan Gamma-Globulin Anti serum Poliklonal Cucumber Mosaic Virus untuk Deteksi Cepat CMV dengan Metode Elisa Tidak Langsung pada Tanaman Tapak Dara (Vinca sp.)

      Cucumber mosaic virus is one of the major pathogens on some horticulture crops in cluding Vinca sp. A rapid detection method should be developed to support the evaluation of initial infection of the virus in crops. A serological method commonly used for rapid detection of plant viruses is ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay). The objectives were to produce purified gamma-globulin of CMV antiserum and to determine the optimum concentration for rapid detection of the virus. The experiment
    • Widiastoety, D. dan B. Marwoto

      Pengaruh Berbagai Sumber Arang dalam Media Kultur In Vitro terhadap Pertumbuhan Plantlet Oncidium

      The aim of this experiment was to determine effect of various charcoal sources on the growth of Oncidium plantlet. Oncidium in one of the favourite orchid genera. The orchid plantation generally used orchid seed lings from in vitro culture. Media optimization is a critical to improve the capacity of seedling multiplication and quality. One of the methods to enrich the medium was by the use of a charcoal. The materials used in this research were Oncidium orchid plantlet that were cultivated in
    • Bety, Y. A.

      Media Sapih Alternatif untuk Plantlet Anggrek Vanda

      The study aimed to find suitable and cheaper media for Vanda seedling to substitute the standard media Vacin and Went. The experiment was performed at Pasarminggu Research Station for Indonesian Ornamental Plant Research Institute since May to November 1999. The treatments were arranged in randomized block design using five replications. The treatments were eight media containing foliar fertilizers as alternative media and Vacin and Went as standard media to grow the protocorms of F1
    • Amiarsi D., Yulianingsih, W. Broto, dan Sjaifullah

      Pengaruh Larutan Pulsing dalam Pengemasan dan Pengangkutan Bunga Mawar Potong

      Dipping the lower portion of flower stems in the solution containing sugar and germicides before packaging and transportation was to supply carbohydrate and prevented the plugging of flower stems by microbial growth. Further more, in was prolonged the periode of flowers vaselife and kept flower quality after trans portation. The objective of the study was to find out both of proper pulsing solution, packaging and transportation to keep the prime quality of flower cut rose c.v. kiss. The
    • Wasito A. dan B. Marwoto

      Evaluasi Daya Hasil dan Adaptasi Klon-klon Harapan Krisan

      Fiveteen promising clones of chrysanthemum were planted at three locations with elevation 700, 900, and 1,200 m. above sea level. A randomized design with three replications, and conducted from October 2000 to March 2001. The objective of this experiments was to evaluate the potential yield and adaptation of breeder promising clones related to selection method on chrysanthemum breeding program for releasing varieties. The results showed that five clones of chrysanthemum no. 49, 26, 4, 21, dan
    • Wasito A. dan B. Marwoto

      Pengujian Keefektifan Gliokompos terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Perkembangan Tanaman Krisan

      The objective of this experiment was to evaluate effectiveness of gliocompost as soil sterillant on the cutting production and healthiness. Experimentwas conducted at Indonesian Ornamental Research Institute Segunung from September 1999 to January 2000. A factorial randomized block design with three replications was used in this experiment. Eight medium compositions described by volume ratio of gliocompost, chicken manure, and soil, were notated as tirst factor. Three varieties, namely
    • Wasito A. dan R. Tedjasarwana

      Peningkatan Mutu Bunga dan Produktivitas Dua Kultivar Sedap Malam dengan Pemupukan N, P, dan K

      The objective of this experiment was to evaluate response of two cultivars P.tuberose treated with several in organic fertilizer dosages application. Experiment was conducted in Cianjur from September 1998 until July 1999. A factorial randomized block design with three replications was used in this experiment. The first factor consisted of two cultivars mean while the second factor comprised of seven dosages in organic fertilizers ( N, P2O5, and K2O) compositions. The results indicated that
    • Wasito A. dan B. Marwoto

      Pengujian Keefektifan Gliokompos terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Perkembangan Tanaman Krisan

      The objective of this experiment was to evaluate effectiveness of gliocompost as soil sterillant on the cutting production and healthiness. Experiment was conducted at Indonesian Ornamental Research Institute Segunung from September 1999 to January 2000. A factorial randomized block design with three replications was used in this experiment. Eight medium compositions described by volume ratio of gliocompost, chicken manure, and soil, were notated as first factor. Three varieties, namely
    • Wasito A .dan B. Marwoto

      Evaluasi Daya Hasil dan Adaptasi Klon-klon Harapan Krisan

      Fiveteen promising clones of chrysanthemum were planted at three locations with elevation 700, 900, and 1,200 m. above sea level. A randomized design with three replications, and conducted from October 2000 to March 2001. The objective of this experiments was to evaluate the potential yield and adaptation of breeder promising clones related to selection method on chrysanthemum breeding program for releasing varieties. The results showed that five clones of chrysanthemum possesed superior
    • Widiastoety D. dan S. Kartikaningrum

      Pemanfaatan Ekstrak Ragi dalam Kultur In Vitro Plantlet Media Anggrek

      Dendrobium is one of the favourite orchid genera. The orchid plantations generally use orchid seedlings that are obtained through in vitro culture. Media optimization is a critical point for improving the capacity of seedling multiplication and quality. One of the meth ods to enrich the medium was the use of a complex organic mixture of yeast extract. The materials used in this research were dendrobium orchid plantlets that were cultivated in Vacin & Went medium with the addition of 150 ml/l
    • Wuryaningsih S., A. Muharam, dan I. Rusyadi

      Tanggapan Tiga Kultivar Mawar terhadap Media Tumbuh Tanpa Tanah

      Soilless media has opportunity for development because of clean, environmentally sound, and the material could be found in Indonesia. Research on the response of rose cultivars to soilless media (coirdust + zeolite and sawdust + zeolite) was conducted at plastic house from June 1999 to February 2000. Randomized complete block design with factorial pattern consists of two factors and three replications were used in this experiment.The first factor was three cultivars of rose and the second
    • Dwiatmini, K.1), N. A. Mattjik2), H. Aswidinnoor2), dan N.L. Toruan-Matius3)

      Analisis Pengelompokan dan Hubungan Kekerabatan Spesies Anggrek Phalaenopsis Berdasarkan Kunci Determinasi Fenotipik dan Marka Molekuler RAPD

      Genetic relationships among 19 genotypes of phalaenopsis orchid were investigated using random amplified polymorphic DNA technique at the DNA level and using the determination key introduced by sweet at the phenotypical level. Orchid dendrogram was obtained from banding patterns of DNA and from 27 phenotypic traits scored, using Dice similarity and average taxonomic distances respectively. Correlation between a pair of proximitymatri ces was tested with the Mantel statistic generated by the
    • Kartikaningrum, S.1, N. Hermiati2, A. Baihaki2, M.H. Karmana2 , dan N. Toruan-Mathius3

      Kekerabatan 13 Genotip Anggrek Subtribe Sarcanthinae Berdasarkan Karakter Morfologi dan Pola Pita DNA

      Several interspesific and intergeneric hybrid of subtribe sarcanthinae showed meiotic abnormality and poor fertility. This condition was caused by the distant genetic relationship. Genetic relation ships between individuals and populations can be measured based on similarity of traits, as suming that the different traits de scribe the genetic composition. This experiment was be gun in January-December 2001. The ob jec tive of this study was to estimate the correlation be tween taxonomic
    • Widiastoety, D., dan Purbadi

      Pengaruh Bubur Ubikayu dan Ubijalar terhadap Pertumbuhan Plantlet Anggrek Dendrobium

      The aim of this experiment was to in vestigate the effect of cassava and sweet potatoes pastes in corporated in the growth medium on the growth of plantlets of dendrobium orchid. The result of research showed that ad di tion of white cas sava or banana pastes in the media, significantly in creased plantlet height, leaf number, and leaf size. The highest number of roots and length of root were found on the media suplemented with yellow cassava paste. In versely, addition of red sweet potatoe
    • Suhardi dan Maryam ABN

      Inventariasi Organisme Pengganggu Tanaman dan Agens Hayati pada Tanaman Hias Tropis

      lnventanze plant destructive organism and biological control agents on tropical ornamental plants was carried out during 2001 begun on June and ended on December 2001. Surveys to collect samples of pests and diseases were don in Cianjur, DKI Jakarta,Clkampek (Karawang), Bandung, Bogor, Sukabumi, Sleman Purbalingga (Banyumas) and Malang using Purpose Random Sampling method. While inventarization of biocontrol agents for controlling soil-borne pathogen was executed in West Java including regency
    • Dehora Herlina, M. Fatchurochim, Singgih Andyantoro, Satsijati, Fitri Rachmawati, Rahayu Tedjasarwana

      Studi Fisiologi Tanaman Hias Tropis Potensial

      Dracaenas are tropical plants that have high economic value in domestic and international markets. Informations on environmental factorsaffecting the production and quality of Dracaenas plants are still limited. Therefore, a study on the physiological characteristics of Dracaenas plants will be conducted to elucidate the CO2 fixation pattern and the response of Draoaenas cultivars to nutrients, light and air ternperature.The result of these research showed a).There was no effect of plant
    • Y. Sulyo, Darliah dan K. Effendie

      Praevaluasi Potensi Tanaman Hias Tropis

      In relation to the adaptability and easiness of the cultivation, tropical ornamental plants have some competitive advantage, compared to the imported ones. The study in relation to the potency, phenotypic and genotypic characters and the economic value of the plants was conducted in RIOP, during the 2001. The results ofthe research indicated several tropical plant species (ie. Orchids, alpinia, etlingera, zlngiber) could be use as cut flowers. These were based on the morphologal characters
    • Y. Sulyo, DI. Komar, B. Marwoto, I. B. Rahardjo dan S. Wuryaningsih

      Perbaikan Teknologi Produksi Benih Bebas Penyakit pada Tanaman Hias

      One of the agribussiness commodities in Indonesia is ornamental plants flowers and potted plants). Market demand of ornamental plants that always increases every year needs to be anticipated especially on the availability of pathogen free seeds with superior quality. A series of reseach activities to develop the component of seed technology were conducted in the field, laboratory and greenhouses of Research institute for Ornamental Plants (RIOP) during year 2001. The results of the research
    • Sulusi Prabawati, Suyanti, Yulianingsih dan Murtiningsih
    • Tata Rasta Omoy, Suhardi, Budi Marwoto, Yoyo Sulyo, Maryam Abn, Wakiah Nuryani, Injiarto Budi Rahardjo, Purbadi, Donald Sihombing dan Hanudin

      Potensi Agens Hayati dan Mikrobe Antagonis dalam Pengendalian Hama dan Penyakit Tanaman Hias

      The use of biological agents is an alternative in controlling pests and diseases of ornamental plants. This method has many advantages, some of them are effective, cheap, easy toget, no negative effect on crops, beneficial insects and human being, left no residue on plant material, and not making any pollution on the environment. The final results of the activities of Thir proposal on iscal years 2000 were described below: 1) Control of soil-borne patogen Fusarium using Gliocladium sp on
    • Suhardi, Tata, R. Omoy, Maryam ABN, Yoyo Sulyo, D. Herlina, K. Kardin, Tejasarwana, Purbadi, A. Saepullah dan D. Komar

      Ekobiologi Hama dan Penyakit Penting pada Tanaman Hias

      Research to study the ecobiology of important pest and diseases on chrysanthemum, roses and Carnation were carried out using and experimental methods in the laboratory, green house, and field. On chrysanthemum, critical period against white rust (Pucciana horiana) was carried out by sun/eying the cutting health at farmer level variety resistance and fungicide spraying interval. While control threshold interval of leafminer (Liriomyza sp.) on chrysanthemum and red mite (Tetranychus urticae) on
    • Toto Sutater, Sri Wuryaningsih, Rahayu Tejasarwana dan Wakiah Nuryani

      Fisiko Kimia Media Tumbuh Organik untuk Tanaman Hias

      A series of experiments were conducted to compose media formulation for seed germination, media for pot anthurium hidroponik media, and biopesticide formulae for controlling soil born diseases for potplant media Theses experiments were conducted at Cipanas Ornamental Research Station and Segunung Research Center or Ornamental Pants wich consisted of four experiment. the first was and experiment on the media for geranium germation where Factorial Randomized Block Design was used consisted of
    • Budi Marwoto Toto Sutater Antoro Wasito, Hanudin Tata Rasta Omoy, Minangsari Dewanti, Kurnia Yuniarto Kurniawan Budiarto Eka Febrianti

      Perakitan Varietas Krisan dan Anyelir yang Unik dan Tahan terhadap Hama dan Penyakit Penting

      Among the existance ornamental plants cultivated in the country, Chrysanthemum (Dendranthema grandiflora) and carnation (Dianthus caryophi//us) are the most important in term of their production value and business activities. More than 50 million flower stalks of those species are consumed per year for any different purposes, such as celebration of bithday, wedding party, room decoration of houses, office and hotel. Increasing people prospherity and development of tourism industry tends to
    • S. Wuryaningsih, Dedeh S. Badrlah, W. Nuryani
    • Darliah, R. Tejasarwana dan S. Andyantoro

      Perakitan Varietas Unggul dan Manajemen Budidaya Mawar

      This experiment consisted of four activities. These activities were conducted at Cipanas Research Station for Ornarnetal Plant Segunung Research Station for Ornametal Plant, at 1100 m above sea level from January until December 2001 The first activity was the yield potential evaluation of rose clones The second activity was the yield potential evaluation of promising rose clones of Biobrees 97 , with white-yellow color in the different season, The first and the second activities used
    • Budi Marwoto, Toto Sutater, Antoro Wasito, Soertini Soedjono, Agus Muharam, Yoyo Sulyo, Darliah, MS, Yuyuk Aneka Bety, Wahyu Handayati, Dedeh Siti Badriah,

      Pemanfaatan Sumber Daya Genetik Menunjang Perakitan Varietas Unggul Tanaman Hias

      Indonesia floriculture industry has been growing fast since the last ten years. Floriculture farming has also developed to be a commercial profitable business which is market oriented with applying industrial principles. The use of industrial principles in its managing the farmings has made possible to produce high quality products as prefered by the market. The intensive management system of the farming as a concequence of use of the principles, the demands to superior cultivars are
    • Toto Sutater, D. Herlina, Yoyo Sulyo, Satsijati, Kusumah Effendie

      Koleksi, Karakterisasi dan Konservasi Plasma Nutfah Tanaman Hias

      The utilization of Indonesian tropical ornamental plants should be done to increase the economic value wheter for domestic or international purposes. Developing new variety by using Indonesian grmplasms could resulting in competitive strenght compared to the introduction variety because the domestic variety is programmed in local agroclimatic condition. The objectives of the research activities are : (1) to collect, conserve, and characterize the orchid collection, (2) to collect and
    • Amiarsi D., Yulianingsih, W. Broto, dan Sjaifullah

      Pengaruh Larutan Puls ing dalam Pengemasan dan Pengangkutan Bunga Mawar Potong

      Dipping the lower portion of flower stems in the solution containing sugar and germicides before packaging and transportation was to supply carbohydrate and prevented the plugging of flower stems by microbial growth. Further more, in was prolonged the periode of flowers vaselife and kept flower quality after transportation. The objective of the study was to find out both of proper pulsing solution, packaging and transportation to keep the prime quality of flower cut Rose c.v. Kiss. The flowers
    • Sulusi Prabawati, Endang D. A., Suryanti, dan Dondy ASB.

      Perbaikan Cara Ekstraksi untuk Meningkatkan Rendeman dan Mutu Minyak Melati

      This research was aimed to increase the recovery of oilextraction absolute through increasing the flower-solvent ratio and multi-extraction stages of red jasmine (Jasminum officinale). Hexane parfumary grade was used on simple extraction method by dipping the flowers and manual stirring frequantly. After 12 hours of extaction, solvent was evaporated to produce concrete. Ethanol 95% was added to disolve the concrete, and then the solution was filtered to separate wax fractions. The clear
    • Darliah1), Wahyu Handayati 1), Tohar Danakusuma2), Toto Sutater1)

      Bunga Mawar Potong Varietias Pertiwi

      This experiment was conducted at Cipanas Ornamental Plant Research Station in Cianjur at 1,100 m above sea level. This experiment consisted of crossing, selection, and potential yield test. The crossing of roses were (1) cultivar American Beuty x Cimacan Merah (C.91001); (2) cultivar Queen Elizabeth x Cimacan Merah (C.91038); (3) cultivar Song of Paris x Queen Elizabeth; (4) cultivar Cherry Brandy x Queen Elizabeth (C.91012); (5) cultivar Cherry Brandy x Alhambra (C.91014); (6) cultivar
    • Suhardi, Budi Minarto, Asep Saepullah

      Telaah Resistensi Varietas Mawar terhadap Embun Tepung Tepung

      Powdery mildew is an important fungal disease on rose cultivated in plastichouses. Experiments to evaluate the resistance of some rose varieties to powdery mildew (oidium sp.) were carried out at the Research Institute for Ornamental Plants (1,100 m a.s.l.) at Segunung The glasshouse and under shelter experiments were conducted in January- May 1998, and the plastichouse experiment in September 1998- June 1999. In the glasshouse experiment six varieties i.e. cv. American Beuty, Bunabai, Holland,
    • Suhardi dan Budi Winarto

      Resistensi Varietas Mawar (Rosa hybrida) terhadap Penyakit Bercak Hitam

      Black spot caused by Marssonina rosae is an important fungus disease on rose. Trials to study the level of resistance of rose varieties to black spot were done at Segunung Research Station for Ornamental Plants. The first trial was carried out in a glasshouse from September 1998 to December 1997, using Completely Randomized Design, while the second one was executed outdoor from September 1998 to May 1999 using Randomized Block Design, each with three replications. Rose varieties under study
    • Suhardi, tata Rasta Omoy, dan Budi Winarto

      Kefektifan Zanthomonas maltophilia, Fungisida, dan Tipe Cerat terhadap Penyakit Embun Tepung pada Tanaman Mawar di Rumah Plastik

      An experiment to study the efficacy of xanthomonas maltophilia and efficiency of sprayer nozzles in controlling powdery mildew of rose was conducted from September 1998-June 1999. X. maltophilia, an epiphytic bacterium, was tested for its efficacy compared to chemical fungicides such as Bordeaux mixture, propineb, CuC12, triadimefon, and benomyl. The efficiency of fungicide application was tested by the use of different nozzle types namely cone, flat, and Ultra Low Volume. The results of the
    • Imam Muhadjir dan Dondy ASB

      Teknik Ekstraksi Fragrans Bunga Krisan Yang Efisien

      The experiments were conducted in Parongpong, Lembang, West Java and Jakarta from April 1999 to March 2000. The objectives of the study were to find an efficient technique for producing fragrance from two varieties with different degrees of flower opening of chrysanthemum. The treatments consisted of two varieties (Standard and Puma) and degrees of flower opening of 25,50, and 75%. Extraction was conducted using a vacuum evaporator with hexane solvent. The chemical composition of absolute was
    • Darliah,1 I. Suprihatin2, D.P. de Vries3, W. Handayati1, T. Herawati2 dan T. Sutater1

      Variabilitas Genetik, Heritabilitas, dan Penampilan Fenotipik 18 Klon Mawar di Cipanas

      The experiment was conducted at a plastic house at Cipanas Ornamental Plant Research Station in Cianjur, at an elevation of 1,100 m above sea level, from March 1997 to September 1997. The objectives were to estimate genetic variability and haritability, and to select the best phenotypic performance of cut rose clones introduced from the Netherlands. The experiment was arranged in a randomized block design, consisted of 18 clones of rose cut flower as treatment, with two replications. The
    • Rahayu Tejasarwana dan Toto Sutater

      Pengaruh Media Tanam dan Formula Nutrisi terhadap Hasil dan Kualitas Bunga Mawar Potong

      The experiment was conducted from 1999 to 2000 in Segunug Research Station for Ornamental Plants, arranged in a split plot design woth three replications. The main plot was growing media and the subplot was nutrition formula. The growing media were soil, soil+manure, and soil+manure+bamboo hurnus. There were five nutrient treatment i.e (1) without nutrient (control), (2) 45 g NPK/m2/2 weeks, (3) commercial formulas with trade secret, (4) Dutch formula (Handreck&Black, 1994), and (5) Cipanas
    • Wakiah Nuryani1), I. Djatnika2), D.S. Badriah1), dan H.J.M. Loffler2)

      Skrining Kultivar Gladiol terhadap Patogenisitas Tiga Isolat Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. gladioli

      The objective of this experiment was to examine the resistance level of several gladiolus accessions from crossed selction in Research Institute for Ornamental Plants and Plant Research Institute (Wageningen) to Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. galidoli infection. The fungal isolates were collected from Sukabumi, Cipanas (Cianjur) and Lembang (Bandung). The results showed that gladiolus cultivar number 96204 and 96207-2 were very resistant to Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. gladioli. There were no signifacant
    • Sri Wuryaningsih, Budi Marwoto, dan Ai Mintarsih

      Tanggapan Klon Harapan Krisan Pot terhadap Media Tumbuh Tanpa Tanah

      The experiment was conducted under plastic house from June 1999 to march 2000. The objective was to find out the response of promising clones of potted chrysanthemum on the compositions of coirdust + zeolite, and sawdust + zeolite growing media. A randomized complete block design was used with factorial pattern, consisting of two factors and three replications. The first factor was three promising clones of pot chrysanthemum and the second factor was six compositions of growing media, i.e.
    • Tata R. Omoy, Maryam Abn, D. Sihombing, dan Suryanah

      Metode Evaluasi Ketahanan Varietas Melati Terhadap Hama Palpita unionalis

      the objective of the experiment was to determine the methods of evaluation of resistance of Jasmine Varieties to P. unionalis. The experiment was carried out in the laboratory and plastic house in Segunung Horticultural Research Station (1,100 m asl.) from May 1996 to February 1997. A complete randomized design with five treatments and five replications was used in the laboratory experiment, and a randomized block design with five treatments and five replications was used in the plastic house
    • Benamehuli Ginting, Waspodo Prasetio, dan Toto Sutater

      Pengaruh Cara Pemberian Air, Media, dan Pemupukan terhadap Pertumbuhan Anggrek Dendrobium

      The optimal growth of orchid plants can be obtained by providing optimum environmnent such as light intensity, temperature and humidity, suitable growing medium and fertilizer. The experiment aimed to determine the effect of watering method, medium and fertilization on vegetative and generative growth of Dendrobium orchid. The experiment was conducted at shading house of Research Institute for Ornamental Plant in Pasarminggu Jakarta, from April 1996 to March 1998. Split-split Plot Design was
    • Imam Muhajir dan Elizabeth Sitorus

      Peran Derajat Ketuaan, Pendinginan Awal, dan Suhu Penyimpanan untuk memperpanjang Kesegaran Bunga Sedap Malam

      The experiments were conducted at Cibeber, Cianjur, West Jawa and Jawa and DKI jakarta from May 1996 to March 1997. The objectives of the study were to get an appropriate degree of flower maturity, an efficient time of precooling and different temperature during exposure period. By using treatments such as three different degree of maturity such as picked one week before commercial degree of maturity, at commercial degree of maturity and one week after commercial degree of maturity, three
    • Agus Muharam 1, Dyah Widiastoety 2, dan Indijarto B. Rahardjo 3

      Usaha Pembuatan Antiserum Virus Mosaik Cymbidium (CyMV) untuk Deteksi Cepat

      Cymbidium mosaic virus (CyMV) and tobbaco mosaic virus strain orchid (TMV-0) are believed to be the major virus diseases of cultivated orchids in Indonesia. A rapid viral detection method is needed to support the production of virus-free orchids. A study was conducted in Segunung Ornamental Plants Research Station to produce CyMV antiserum for rapid detection of the virus. Cymbidium plants that were suspected to be infected by CyMV were tested by DAS-ELISA and bioassay with indicator plants,
    • Dedeh S. Badriah 1), A.H. Permadi 2), T. Sutater 1), D. Herlina 1) & I Djatnika !)

      Gladiol Dayang Sumbi

      The variety of Dayang Sumbi was a new domestic variety of gladiolus produced by Research Institute of Ornamental Plant (RIOP) Jakarta. This cultivar was released in 1998, and the first variety of gladiolus of Dayang Sumbi variety fulfil the standar quality requirements based on RIOP and The North American Council Standard. The flowers were symetrically arranged, erect and compact. The diameter of flower was 10 cm, the number of flower per stem >12, and the flower stem length > 80 cm. Although
    • Dyah Widiastoety, Waspodo Prasetio, dan Nina Solvia

      Pengaruh Naungan terhadap Produksi Tiga Kultivar Bunga Anggrek Dendrobium

      The objective of this experiment was to find out the influence of shading on the flower production of Dendrobium orchid. Field experiment was conducted at Research institute for Ornamental Plant, Pasarminggu, Jakarta. The treatments consisted of three levels of shading (55%, 65% and 75%) and cultivars of Dendrobium (Sonia Deep Pink, Boom 29 and Bali Queen), The treatments were laid in a split plot design with three replications, where shadings as main plots and cultivars of Dendrobium as
    • Donald Sihombing dan I Djatnika

      Status Hama pada Sedap Malam

      The study to determine numbers and status of pests in P. tuberosa L. was conducted from May 1995 to March 1996. Some insects were collected from fields and identified in the laboratory. Some of them were scale insects (Cocciadae), thrips (Thripidae), plant hoppers (Acrididae)and mealybugs (Pseudococcidae), but only scale insects was found in larger number. There were three species of Coccidae identified, one species of Coccus sp, and two species Saissetia sp.. The pest could attack 15-25 % of
    • Suryanti, Murtiningsih dan Imam Muhajir

      Pengaruh Pewarnaan usai Panen Terhadap Mutu Bunga Sedap Malam

      The aim of study was to select the coloring materials named of Blue 2, Orange, Bright Red, Light Yellow, Grape, Carmoisine, Tailazine, Sun set Yellow were used in this study. Tuberose flower was harvested from farmer plantation at Cianjur. West Jawa, at stage of 2-5 florets were opne, and its stem end was dipped at dive solution composed of 4 g/I of dye material + 6% sugar at pH 3,5 for 15 - 170 minutes. The research used a completely randomized design with four replications. The result showed
    • Sri Wuryaningsih dan Surachmat Kusumo

      Pemberian Triakontanol Untuk Perbaikan Hasil dan Kualitas Bunga Mawar

      The purpose of the study was determine the proper of concentration and interval of triacontanol application in improving yield and quality of tinneke rose hybrid. The experiment was conducted at Cipanas Ornamental Plants Research Station from May 1995 to April 1996 using a Split-Plot Design with treatment of four concentrations of triacontanol concentration 0f 200 ppm and 150 ppm were significantly different in sprout number at 1.5 months and in flower production at the 5 months after planting
    • Satsijati, Sri Wuryaningsih, dan Jaka Prasetya

      Pengaruh Lingkungan Tumbuh dan Pemberian Kalium Nitrat terhadap Hasil Bunga Melati

      The aim of the research was to study the effect of dosages and interval of potassium nitrate application and growth environment on flower yield of Jasminum sambac. This experiment was conducted at the experimental garden Research Institute for Ornamental Plants Pasar Minggu, Jakarta, from May 1995 to October 1996. A split-split-plot design was used in this experiment with three replications. The main plot was growth environment : inside of the screen house and out door, sub plot was level of
    • Soertini Soedjono dan K. Suskandari

      Pengaruh Lama Perendaman dan Konsentrasi GA3 terhadap Perkecambahan Biji Palem (Licuala grandis)

      This Research aimed to find out both of the accelerated and increased germinating capasity of palm seed. Completely randomized design was used, consist of two factors and three replications. The first factor was submersion times (24,48, and 72 hours) and the second factor was GA3 concentrations (0,1,000, 2,000, and 3,000 ppm). Palm seeds were scarified before treated. After submerging in GA3, the seeds planted in the high humidity sand medium in the green house of Research Institute for
    • Maryam ABN Purbadi

      Uji Kemangkusan Beberapa Bahan Insektisida Botanik terhadap Hama Perusak Daun Melati Palpita Uniolis Hubn.

      Several kinds of plants subtances having insecticidal effect were evaluated for their efficacy to control P. unionalis, an important pest of jasminum. The experiment was conducted in laboratory and in the field conditions. Materials used in the laboratorium experiment were crude water extract of neem seed (Azadirachta indica), Ki Pait (Tithonia diversifolia) leaves, Kecubung (Datura speciosa) leaves, Toona sureni leaves and bark, sugar apple (Annona squomosa) leaves and seeds, A. muricata,
    • D. Herlina 1) dan Kristina 2)

      Induksi Pembungaan Spathiphyllum dengan Asam Giberelat dan Triakontanol Pada Cara Tanam Hidroponik

      The experiment was conducted at Cimanggu. Bogor (240 m asl), from August 1995 to April 1996. Plants were grew in glasshouse as potted plants. The objective is to determine effect of GA3 and Triakontanol on flowering of Spathiphyllum cv. Pinokio and a cultivar originated from Australia. A Split split plot design was used in this experiment. The main factor was cultivar (Pinokio and an Australia cultivar). Subplot was growth regulator (Without GR, 30 ppm GA3, 60 ppm GA3, 90 ppm GA3, 120 ppm GA3
    • I Djatnika dan Indijarto B. Raharjo

      Inventarisasi Penyakit Penting Tanaman Sedap Malam

      Polianthes tuberosa L. had been cultivated widely in West Java. Central Java, and East Java, however information on diseases of the plant was limited. The objective of this research was to identify diseases that can be a constrain in cultivating the plant. The research was conducted using a survey method, and laboratory tests. The result showed that some diseases found as potentially harmfull to the plant production were (1) leaf spot caused by Xanthomonas sp.,Fusarium xyllarioides,and
    • Soertini Soedjono dan K. Suskandari

      Pengaruh waktu Perendaman dan Konsentrasi Colchicine terhadap Pertumbuhan Protokom Anggrek Dendrobium Jayakarta

      The aim of this experiment was to find out the effect of Colchicine on the vigirity of the seedling. This experiment was conducted from April 1995 to May 1996. Plbs of Dendrobium was used as explant. A. Completely Randomized Design was used in this experiment with factorial pattern consisted of two factors. The first factor was submersion period (1,3,6 and 9 days) and the second factor was Colchicine concentration (0,100,200,300 and 400 ppm). Observation at 4 months after planting showed that
    • Sri Wuryaningsih 1), Toto Sutater 1), dan Didiek H. Goenadi 2)

      Pemanfaatan Kompos tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit sebagai Media Tanpa Tanah dan Pempupukan pada Tanaman Pot Spathiphyllum

      The aim of study was to find out the use of EFBOP as a medium for Spathiphyllum. The experiment was conducted at Cipanas Horticultural Research Station about 1.100 m above sea level, from May 1994 to February 1995. The treatments were laid in Split Plot Design with three replicates each. Five combinations of EFBOP compost and stable manure media were served as the main plot. while four frequencies of fertilizer application were as sub plot. The result showed that composition of growing media
    • Lia Sanjaya 1)

      Pengaruh GA3 dan Ukuran Subang terhadap Pematahan Dormansi Subang Gladiol (Gladiolus hybridus) cv. Queen Occer

      The objective of this experiment was to determine the effect of application of GA3 on the dormancy braking of various corm size of G. hybridus cv. Queen Occer. The experiment was conducted in the laboratory of Cipanas Horticultural Research Station from March to June 1992. A Factorial Randomized Block Design comprised of 2 factors i.e concentration of GA3 (0,50,100, and 150 ppm) and corm sizes (diameter 3 c.5 cm, diameter 2.5 - < 3.5 cm, and diameter 1.5 -< 2.5 cm) was used. The result showed
    • D. Herlina 1), Ali Asgar 2) dan Toto Sutater 3)

      Penggunaan Bahan Kimia untuk Memacu Pertunasan Subang Gladiol Kultivar Dr. Mansoer

      A trial was conducted to find out the possibility of shortening the dormant period of gladiolus corm. The research was conducted at Cipanas experimental garden from September 1992 to February 1993. A factorial Randomized Block Design with three replications and eighteen treatment combinations was used. Chemicals used were Etherphon, Benomyl, IBA, GA3, and NAA on whole, half and wonded corm. The results showed that all chemicals treatments shortened the dormancy period and accelerated rooting
    • Debora Herlina 1), Toto Sutater 2), dan M. Reza 3)

      Pengaruh Kultivar dan Generasi Tanaman Induk terhadap Kualitas Tanaman Induk dan Bibit Krisan

      The experiment was carry out at PT. Inkarla Cibodas. 1300 m above sea level from April 1993 to February 1994. Two cultivars Chrysanthemum (Regol Time and Mundial) were grown as stock plants. Every 3 weeks cuttings were removed and they were used as stock plants for later generation. All stock plants were grown in long days under Growlux SL 18 Phillips lamp by given supllementary lighting 4 hours every night. The periode of vegetative growth was quantified by each meristen after flower
    • Sri Wuryaningsih 1) dan Darliah 2)

      Pengaruh Media Sekam Padi Terhadap Pertumbuhan Tanaman Hias Pot Spathiphyllum

      Rice husk is one of the waste products which has a good effect on drainage and aeration, no effect on pH, salt solution or nutrition. It is also cheap in price. The experiment to find out composition of rice husk and stable manure as growing medium of Spathiphyllum was conducted at Cipanas Horticultural Research Station from May 1993 until January 1994. The experimental design used was factorial Randomized Block Design with three replications. The rice husk as the first factor consist of six
    • Sanjaya, L. 1), J. Wiroatmojo 2), dan T. Sutater 3)

      Pengaruh BAP Ukuran Subang terhadap Pematahan Dormansi Subang Gladiol (Gladiolus hybridus) Kultivar Queen Occer

      Before used as a propagative material, gladiolus corm usually under takes physiological dormanc. the use of BAP has been konwn as one of the most effective way to break corm dormanc. This experiment was conducted at the Laboratory of Cipanas Horticultural Research station (1.100 m above sea level) from march to june 1993. A factorial randomized block design with twelve combination traetments (four consentration levels of B-A-P i.e. 0,5,10 and 20 ppm and three corm size i,e.? > 3.5 cm. ? 2.5 - <
    • Dyah Widiastoety 1)

      Pengaruh Zat Pengatur Tumbuh terhadap Pertumbuhan Vegetatif dan Pembungaan Anggrek Cattleya sp.

      Hydrasil treatments applied at concentration levels of 0.00; 0.75; 1.0; 1.25; 1.50; 1.75; 2.00; 2.25 and 2.50 ppm. The result of indicated that Hydarsil at 1.500 ppm concentration stimulate Cattleya growth, in term of increeased leaf widht by 0.3 cm and number of shoot by 3. Anthough hydrasil treatments did not show any signification on the growth. in term of plant height leaf lenght. leaf are and stimulate flowering.
    • Maryam Abn 1), I Djatnika 2), dan Samijan 3)

      Hama dan Penyakit Tanaman Melati (Jasminum spp.) serta Beberapa Aspek Bioekologinya

      An inventory on pests and diseases of Jasminum spp, was conducted in central Java (Pekalongan and Tegal) and west Java (Cipanas) on July 1993. Two species of Pyralidae and a species of Pyraustidae (o. lepidoptera) had been found to be the most common pests on Jasminum spp, namely palpita ubionalis (Hubn.) Nausinoe geometralis (Gn.) and Hendecasis duplifascialis Hmps. the first two attacked leaves. While the last bored into flower buds. A mealy bug. Pseudococcus Tongispinus (Targ.) were found
    • Sri Wuryaningsih 1) dan Debora Herlina 2)

      Pengaruh Media Tanam terhadap Pertumbuhan Tanaman Hias Pot Spathiphyllum sp.

      An experiment was conducted at Cipanas Horticultural Research Station (about 1100 m above sea level) from Juni 1992 to February 1993 1993. Ten growing media were tested consisted of 1) Bamboo compost + stable manure. 2) Rice husk + stable manure, 3) Charcoaled rice husk + stable manure, 4) Kaliandra + stable manure, 5) Bamboo compost + rice husk + stable manure, 6) Andam + ricehusk + stable manure, 7) Kaliandra + rice manure, 8) Rice husk charcoal + rice husk + stable manure, 9) Soil + stable
    • Tata R. Omoy 1), D. Sihombing 2), Purbadi 3), dan D. widiastoety 4)

      Preferensi Inang Kumbang Gajah (Orchidophilus aterrimus Wat.) pada Beberapa Kultivar Anggrek Dendrobium

      An experiment on host preference of Orchidophilus aterrimus wat was carried out at Segunung Horticultural Sub Research Station (1100 m above sea level). Since September 1994 until February 1995.to determine the orchid weevil host preferences on Dendrobium cultivars. Method of the experiment was based on Complete Randomized Design (CRD) with 10 treatments and 3 replications. Results of this experiment showed that tha weevil has the lowest preference to Sarifah Fatimah and the most dominant to
    • Lia Sanjaya 1)

      Pengaruh Penambahan Penyinaran dengan Menggunakan Lampu TL dan Pijar terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Pembungaan Krisan Pot

      The experiment was conducted at screenhouse of Cipanas Horticultural Research Station from May to August 1993 to find out the effect of artifical lighting and lighting period to the plant performance of potted Chrisanthemum morifolium C>V. Autum Glory. The factorial completely randomized design with three replication was used. The treatments were types of lighting source (flourescents and tingsten filament lamps) and lighting period (18.00 - 20.30. 22.30 - 01.00. and 03.30 - 06.00 western
    • I. Djatnika 1), Maryam Abn 2), dam Samijan 3)

      Pengaruh Penyiangan dan Aplikasi Fungisida Cu dan Ni terhadap Intensitas Penyakit Karat dan Populasi Kutu Daun pada Tanaman Krisan

      Production of Chrysantemum is hampered by rust disease and aphid. Some farmers in west Java, had been using pesticides as the only was for controlling diseases and the pests. An experiment was conducted at Experimental Garden of Cipanas Horticultural Research Station. Cianjur from June 1993 until February 1994. The objective of the experiment were to find out method and material to control Chrysantemum diseases and pests. The result showed that in the initial stage of Chrysantemum growth manual
    • Darliah 1), Tohar Dana kusuma 2), Sunarjatin S, 3) dan Iwan Kurnia 4)

      Pengaruh Lamanya Perendaman dan Konsentrasi IBA (Indole Butyric Acid) terhadap Pertumbuhan Vegetatif Setek Mawar (Rose Multiflora)

      The experiment was conducted at Cipanas Horticultural Research at 1100 m above sea level from November to December 1993. The design of experiment was Randomized Block with factorial pattern and three replications. The first factor was dipping periode consisted of 5 and 10 sec. The second factor was concentration of IBA consisted of 0 ppm (control). 1000. 2000. 3000. 4000 and 5000 ppm. There was effect interaction between dipping periode and concentration of IBA on root legth. Dipping periode at
    • Toto sutater 1)

      Pengaruh Dolomit dan Pupuk N terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Bunga Gladiol

      An experiment was conducted at Salabintana Sukabumi from December 1993 to May 1994 Split plot design was used with 3 replications. The main plot was N doses (0. 69, 138 and 207 kg/ha) and the sub plot was dolomite dose (0. 1. 2 and 3 t/ha). The cultivar used was Dr. Mansoer. The results showed that N Application increased either floret number per stem or the flower freshness, while dolomite application was able to increase floret number per stem. Flower diameter and flower freshness of
    • Anggraeni Santi 1), Surachmat Kusumo 2) dan Jaka Prasetyo 3)

      Pengaruh Pupuk Daun dan Asam Giberelat terhadap Pertumbuhan Anggrek Renanthanda Christina Martha Thiahohu

      This experiment was conducted at PAsar Minggu experimental Garden from June 1993 to March 1994 using a Randomized Block Design with four replications. The treatments consisted of two levels foliage fertilizer doses (0.2% and 0.3%) and four level of Gibberelic acid doses (0; 50; 100; and 150 ppm) as combinations The result showed that the application of 0.3% foliage fertilizer and 50 ppm Gibberelic acid gave the best effect on the growth of Renanthanda Christina Martha Thiahohu
    • I. Djatnika 1), Kristina Dwiatmini 2), dan Lia Sanjaya 3)

      Ketahanan beberapa Kultivar Krisan terhadap Penyakit Karat

      Chrysanthemum flower have got economic high value. Rust disease is the main constrain of Chrysanthemum cultivation. A test on resistance of some commercial Chrysanthemum cultivars to rust disease was done in Segunung Horticultural Research station. The experiment was held in two conditions. 1.e. in screen house and in field. The results showed taht cultivar of 124 was immune to rust disease. Cultivars of Puma White. 147. Tiger. Yellow West. 146 and Rhino were very resistant, cultivars of
    • Sri Wuryaningsih 1), Toto Sutater 2) dan asmad Supriyadi 3)

      Kerapatan Tanaman dan Pemupukan N pada Bunga Mawar

      An experiment was conducted at Cipanas Horticultural Research Station to find out the plant population and N doses effect on growth and yield of rose cultivar Cherry Brandy. Experiment was arranged in split - split plot design with spacing between row ( 30 and 40 cm ) as main plot. Spacing inter row ( 25. 20 and 15 cm ) as sub plot and N doses as sub- sub plot. The result showed that the longest flower stalk and the largest number of flower plant was obtained by inter and within row spacing of
    • Debora Herlina 1)

      Perbanyakan Gloxinia melalui Setek Daun

      An experiment was conducted to investigated the effect of combinations of treatments to increase growth percentage of leaf cutting. The combination of treatment consisted of 2 levels of leaf ages. 2 level of leaf size and 3 levels of IBA concentrations. The experiment was carried out at Cipanas Horticultural Research Station. 1100 m above sea level from October 1991 to February 1992 A complately Randomized Block Design with three factors and three replications was used. The result showed that
    • Lia Sanjaya 1), Samijan 2), dan T Sutater 3)

      Pengaruh Kapur dan Pupuk Kandang terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Bunga Mawar

      The study was conducted at the experimental garden of Cipanas Horticultural Research Station (100 m above sea levels) from December 1993 to May 1994 A split plot randomized design with 3 replications was used The main plots were liming at the dosage level 0. 15. 30. 45. and 60 ton/ha. Whereas the sub plots were stable manure which comprised of 5 dosage levels 0. 15. 30. 45. and 60 ton/ha. The results showed that liming at 3.05 ton/ha gave the best effect on the growth and yield of the rose. The
    • Dyah Widyastoety 1) dan Surachmat Kusumo 2)

      Pengaruh Berbagai Macam Bahan Nabati pada Pertumbuhan Bibit Anggrek Dendrobium secara In Vitro

      An experiment of in viro of culture orchid plantlets was conducted to find out the effect of botanical subtances on the growth of dendrobium plantlets. In the experiment palnlets were propogated in a basic Vacin & went medium with coconut water 150 cc/1 + Sucrose 20 g/1. Several different botanical substances were added to each of the seperate medium. A control consisted of the basic medium with no substance added was also included. The botanical sustances used were bonana. potato, tomato,
    • Ali Asgar 1), Maryam ABN 2) dan Toto Sutater 3)

      Pengaruh Pemberian Corong Berlubang terhadap Pertunasan dan Perakaran Empat Varietas Subang Gladiol selama Penyimpanan di Ruang Pengasapan

      An experiment was conducted from from February to may 1993 in Parongpong (Lembang) to know perfowated pipes affect. viablity and quality of gladiolus corms. The newly harvested gladiolus corms collected from the farmersfield were stored in smoked room for three replications. The first factor consisted of two levels : (1) using four perforated funnels and (2) using no funnel as conrol. The second factor composed of four varities (1) v Queen occer (2) v. Dr Mansoer (3) v. Golden Boy and ($) v.
    • Dyah Widyastoety 1), W. Prasetio2), dan Syafril3)

      Pemupukan Daun untuk Pertumbuhan Begetatif pada Tanaman Anggrek Dendrobium

      Three fertilizers were compared for their effect on plant height. Leaf dimension and growth. Fertilizer treatments included : Hyponex (20 : 20 : 20 and 10 : 40 : 15). Grow more (20 : 20 : 20 and 10 : 55 : 10). And Shell Foliar (18 : 18 : 18 and 15 : 30 : 15). The treatments were replicated four times. The results did not snow any significant effect on the growth of orchid plants. Never neless. The Shell Foliar treatments tended to accelerate vegetative growth.
    • Toto Sutater1) dan Sri Wuryaningsih2)

      Pengaruh Naungan dan Mulsa terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Kualitas Bungan Krisan

      A research to find out the effect of various shading and mulching thickness on growth and quality of Chrysanthemum was conducted at Bandungan Horticultural Seed Station (Central Java) from June 1993 untuil February 1994. Split-split plot design with three replications was used with number of flower / plant as mean factor (A). mulching thickness as sub factor (B) and the shading as sub sub plot. The number of flower per stalk were one and two flowers. The mulching thickness were 0. 2.5 and 5
    • Lia Sanjaya 1) dan Toto Sutater 2)

      Tanggap 10 Kultivar Spathiphillum spp. pada Dua Kondisi Lingkungan

      Spathiphillum spp is leaf ornamental plant which generally used as decorative indoor and outdoor plants. A split plot randomized design with 3, replications was used. The main plot was environment conditions (indoor and outdoor conditions). Whereas the subplot was Spathiphillum plants comprised of 10 cultivars (Maunaloa. Cannaefolium. Spathiphillum. Patinii. Coclearispathum. Orgietsii. Floribundum. Clevelandii, Variegata. And Walisii). Results of this research showed that all cultivar tested
    • 1) Djatnika dan 2) Toto Sutater

      Pengaruh Media Tanam dan Ekstraks Daun Kubis terhadap Umbi Gloxinia

      A green house experiment was conducted was conducted to find out the effect of rubber seed flour sea and cabbage leaf extract on tuber yield and tuber healthy of gloxinia. A factorial experiment was conducted with 2 factors : media and extract of cabbage leaf. The result showed that rubber seed flour added to growth media media increased tuber weight and tuber diameter of gloxinia, whereas application of sea sand to media mixture reduced the tuber damage claused by diseases and increased the
    • 1) Farid A. Bahar dan 2) Dyah Widiastoety

      Pengaruh Penyemprotan Cytozyme Crop+ terhadap Pertumbuhan Vegetatif pada Tanaman Anggrek cv. Vanda Imelda marcos

      Four concentrations of Cytozyme Crop+ (0.175%, 0.200%, 0, 225%, and 0. 250%) were sprayed at three weeks interval during the experiment. The result showed that Cytozyme Crop+ did not show any significant effect on the vegetative growth of orchid compared to the control treatment. However, Cytozyme Crop+ at 0.200% tended to show a better effect on the vegetative growth in term of plant height compared to the other
    • 1) Anggraeni Santi dan 2) Surachmat Kusumo

      Pupuk Daun dan Sitosim untuk Pertumbuhan Vegetatif Anggrek Mokara Chark Kuan pada Media Arang dan Sabut Kelapa

      Orchid in charcoal and coconut husk media. This experiment was using Split Plot Design wit growth media (charcoal and coconut husk) as main plots, foliar fertilizers (Gandasil-D, Greenzit and Hyponex) and plant biostimulator (Cytorime) as sub plots. The results showed that plants were higher in charcoal medium than in coconut husk especially by using Gandasil-D. Length was promoted by the applications of Gandasil – D + Cytozime or Greenzit in charcoal medium and by Greenzit + Cytozime in
    • 1) Lia Sanjaya, 2) Waspodo Prasetio dan 3) Toto Sutater

      Pengaruh Lingkungan Fisik Terhadap Ketahanan Bunga Gloxinia (Sinningia speciosa)

      Gloxinia are commonly planted in the highland. On the other side, most of the consumers of these plants are generally the habitants of big cities from lowland areas. As soon as the plant to be brought on the lowland. The flower often become wilt. One of the efforts to maintain the flower freshness of gloxinia planted in the lowland is by the modification of physical environment condition. A randomized block design with six treatments and three replications were used. The result of this
    • 1) Dyah Widiastoety dan 2) Subijanto

      Efek Penyemprotan Asam Indol Asetat Pada Pertumbuhan Tanaman Anggrek (Aranda Christine no. 130)

      The objective of this experiment is to investigate the most effective and efficient concentraction of IAA for the growth of Aranda Christine no. 130. The experiment was conducted from May 1990 to February 1991 at Horticulture Research Station. Pasar Minggu Jakarta Selatan, which is located 50 meter above the sea level. A Randomized Block Design was applied with seven treatments and four replications. The treatments were the IAA concentrations of 0 ppm as control, 50 ppm, 60 ppm, 70 ppm, 80 ppm,
    • Toto Sutater

      Dosis Pupuk N dan K pada Tanaman Krisan (Chrysanthemum morifolium Ram)

      A field experiment was conducted to find out the effect of N and K fertilizers on the growth and flower yield of C. morifolium Ram CV. Local white. The experiment comprised of 2 factors i.e. N (0,230, 460 and 690 kg/ha) and K (0, 200, 400 kg K?O/ha. Randomized Block Design was used with 3 replications. Each plot contained 100 plants with 20 x 20 cm² spacing. N fertilizer was applied 3 times at 3, 6 and 9 weeks old, while K fertilizer was applied at planting time. Each plant was maintained to
    • Satsijati

      Pengaruh Media Tumbuh Terhadap pertumbuhan Bibit Anggrek Dendrobium Youpphadeewan

      Experiment was conducted at Pasar Minggu ( ± 50 m above sea level ) from November 1987 to September 1988. Coconut husk, moss, cut fern and combinations of two materials as growth media were tested in this experiment. Randomized Block Design was used with replications. The result of this experiment indicated that the raw material of media affected the root system of Dendrobium Youpphadeewan. Moss was the best among the three materials as growth media. The combination of two materials as growth
    • 1) Dyah Widiastoety, 2) Syafril dan, 3) Bambang Haryanto

      Kultur In Vitro Anggrek Dendrodium dalam Medium Cair

      In Vitro Culture of Dendrobium Orchid in Liquid Medium. This experiment tested seven different modifications of vacin and went liquid medium on the formation of protocorm like bodies (plbs) from shoot apical and axillary bud of Dendrobium orchid. The use of asptic technique produced a hight percentage of 77% for apical and 81% for axxilary of uncontaminated culture. Shoot apical produced more Plbs. (30%) than Axillary bud